Yazidi

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Related to Yazidis: Isis

Yazidi

or

Yezidi

Middle Eastern religious community whose beliefs incorporate elements of ZoroastrianismZoroastrianism
, religion founded by Zoroaster, but with many later accretions. Scriptures

Zoroastrianism's scriptures are the Avesta or the Zend Avesta [Pahlavi avesta=law, zend=commentary].
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, SufismSufism
, an umbrella term for the ascetic and mystical movements within Islam. While Sufism is said to have incorporated elements of Christian monasticism, gnosticism, and Indian mysticism, its origins are traced to forms of devotion and groups of penitents (zuhhad
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, Christianity, ManichaeismManichaeism
or Manichaeanism
, religion founded by Mani (c.216–c.276). Mani's Life

Mani (called Manes by the Greeks and Romans) was born near Baghdad, probably of Persian parents; his father may have been a member of the Mandaeans.
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, and Judaism. Its members, numbering between 200,000 and one million, are mainly KurdsKurds
, a non-Arab Middle Eastern minority population that inhabits the region known as Kurdistan, an extensive plateau and mountain area, c.74,000 sq mi (191,660 sq km), in SW Asia, including parts of E Turkey, NE Iraq, and NW Iran and smaller sections of NE Syria and
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 living in and around MosulMosul
, Arab. al Mawsil, city (1987 pop. 664,221), provincial capital, N Iraq, on the Tigris River, opposite the ruins of Nineveh. It is the largest city in N Iraq and the third largest city in the country.
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, N Iraq. There are smaller communities in Turkey, Syria, Iran, Georgia, and Armenia and, as a result of recent emigration due to persecution, in Germany and other Western countries.

The Yazidi, whose origins are obscure, believe in a monotheistic God who created the world and assigned its care to seven holy beings, or angels, led by the archangel Malak Ta'us, or the Peacock Angel, a fallen angel who repented and is venerated by the Yazidi. The story of Malak Ta'us, as well as his alternative name of Shaytan, have led Muslims and others to consider Yazidis devil worshippers. Their chief saint is a 12th-century mystic, Sheikh Adi bin Musafir, whose tomb at Lalesh (or Lalish), near Mosul, is the site of an annual pilgrimage and festival. Another important festival is the New Year, which falls in the spring.

The Yazidi have historically been an insular community with oral traditions; they marry among themselves, and do not accept outsiders into the faith through conversion. Long viewed with suspicion by non-Yazidi neighbors, the Yazidi have been the victims of persecutions throughout their history, and of numerous terrorist attacks in Iraq in recent years. In the Islamic StateIslamic State
(IS), Sunni Islamic militant group committed to the establishment of an Islamic caliphate that would unite Muslims in a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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 (IS) offensive in Iraq begun in 2014 Yazidis were slaughtered, enslaved, or forcibly converted if they did not escape capture by IS forces; perhaps as many as 8,000 died.

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References in periodicals archive ?
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 5, 2019-: Yazidi Genocide: Statement from Premier Kenney
As we approach the fifth anniversary of the Yazidi genocide on August 3, I call on the international community to undertake concrete actions to support the repatriation of Yazidis.
Up to 12,000 Yazidis were slaughtered or kidnapped by Isis fighters in 2014 in Sinjar.
Up to 12,000 Yazidis were slaughtered or kidnapped by IS fighters in 2014 in Sinjar.
Fiona, who last year amassed more than PS300,000 of medical supplies for the Yazidis after reading about their plight, said: "I've made two trips to Iraq in the last two months and I've been horrified and overwhelmed by what I have seen and heard.
Videos of massive wildfires flamed through crop fields and the mass graves of the 2014 Yazidi Genocide victims have widely circulated the internet.
Directed by Helin Celik and Martin Klingenbock, the film follows the lives of Hedil and Naam, two Yazidi women who are displaced and stuck in a refugee camp between the so-called Islamic State (IS) that massacred their people and their eventual destination, Europe.
She has taken to the world stage to appeal for support for the Yazidis, at the United Nations Security Council in 2015 and to governments globally, earning her the appointment as a U.N.
She said the prize would make many Yazidis think about family members still unaccounted for as well as about 1,300 women and children who remain in captivity.
Shand presents the genocide as the Yazidis themselves see it: as a betrayal.
Khairi Bozani, a top official with the ministry of religious affairs of the autonomous Kurdish region of Northern Iraq, said some 6,417 Yazidis had been abducted by ISIL militants since August 3, 2014, Daily Mail reported.