Yehudi Menuhin

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Menuhin, Yehudi

(yəho͞o`dē mĕn`yo͞oĭn), 1916–99, British violinist and conductor, b. New York City. Menuhin, an extraordinary prodigy, began playing the violin at four. He made his debut with the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra at seven, then studied in Europe with Adolf BuschBusch, Adolf
, 1891–1952, German-Swiss violinist. He studied at the Cologne Conservatory. From 1919 to 1935 he headed outstanding chamber music groups, including the Busch Quartet, one of the greatest of the early 20th cent.
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 and Georges EnescoEnesco, Georges
, Rom. George Enescu, 1881–1955, Romanian violinist, composer, and conductor; studied at the Vienna Conservatory and in Paris with Massenet, Fauré, and others.
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. After a world tour (1934–35) of unprecedented success, he retired to study for two years. During World War II he performed hundreds of concerts for Allied troops and relief efforts. He was the founder of Switzerland's Gstaad Festival (1957). Menuhin introduced little-known works and promoted Eastern music in lectures and performances, such as his collaboration with Ravi ShankarShankar, Ravi
(Robindra Shankar Chowdhury), 1920–2012, Indian sitarist and composer, b. Varanasi. He was the first Indian instrumentalist to attain an international reputation and is credited with introducing traditional Indian music to the West.
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, East Meets West. BartókBartók, Béla
, 1881–1945, Hungarian composer and collector of folk music. He studied (1899–1903) and later taught piano at the Royal Academy, Budapest.
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's Sonata for Solo Violin was written for Menuhin. He became a British subject and was knighted (1985); in 1993 he was created Baron Menuhin of Stoke D'Abernon.


See his Theme and Variations (1972) and Unfinished Journey (1977); biographies by R. Magidoff (1955) and N. Wymer (1961).

His sister, the pianist Hepzibah Menuhin, 1920–81, b. San Francisco, also a prodigy, often appeared in recital with him. Yaltah Menuhin, 1921–2001, b. San Francisco, their sister and the youngest of the three, was also a classical pianist.

Menuhin, Yehudi


Born Apr. 22, 1916, in New York. American violinist.

Menuhin was a student of L. Persinger, A. Busch, and G. Enesco. He made his first public appearance at the age of seven. One of the greatest violinists of our times, he has toured many countries. His first concert tour in the USSR was in 1945. Menuhin, who is also a conductor, has lived in London since 1963. Drawing upon the experience of teaching musically gifted children in the USSR, he founded a special music school in 1964 in the city of Stoke d’Abernon in England. Menuhin is the president of the International Music Council of UNESCO. He sometimes performs with his sister, Hephzibah (born May 20, 1920, in San Francisco), who is a pianist.


Gavoty, B. Yehudi Menuhin et Georges Enesco. Geneva-Monaco, 1955. Spingel, H. O. Y. Menuhin. Berlin, 1964.

Menuhin, Yehudi

(1916–  ) violinist; born in New York City. He grew up in San Francisco, where he began violin study at age three and made his public debut at age seven. Within a few years he had been acclaimed as a prodigy, finding resounding successes in Europe (where he studied with Georges Enesco) and playing the Beethoven Violin Concerto in New York in 1927. The next year, at age 12, he performed concertos by Beethoven, Brahms, and Bach in one concert of the Berlin Philharmonic. In the early 1930s a world tour took him to 73 cities in 13 countries. During World War II he concertized tirelessly for Allied troops. Largely based in Switzerland and England after the war, he conducted as often as he played, becoming a fixture of music festivals and, from 1969, director of England's Windsor Festival. In the 1960s he helped popularize Indian music in the West. Besides playing the standard repertoire, he commissioned and played important works from composers including Bartók and Walton.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first concert is on May 11 and features Wu Qian (piano) Alina Ibragimova (violin) and Alison Rhind (piano) from the Yehudi Menuhin School.
Sir, - I was very sad to hear of the death of Yehudi Menuhin, someone I had looked up to for over 50 years since I was introduced to the violin in 1942 at the age of eight, and who I find difficult to believe is now here no more.
Enesco, who was born in 1881 and spent a considerable part of his life in Paris, was not only a composer, but a brilliant violinist, who taught Yehudi Menuhin among a number of great artists.
Windsor Festival was founded in 1969 by the violinist Yehudi Menuhin and the actor Ian Hunter as artistic directors.
A child prodigy distinguished by Yehudi Menuhin at an early age, he has recorded some 30 CDs to date and given hundreds of concerts on the five continents.
They include Yehudi Menuhin, Isaac Stern, Stephane Grappelli and Mark O'Connor, whom Kennedy rates as one of the most important violinists alive today, as well as jazz guitarist Jarek Smietana who he has got to know thanks to frequent visits to Cracow.
One of the highlights of his life came in 1978, when he met violinist Yehudi Menuhin who was giving a concert at Huddersfield Town Hall JS*94772030
BEFORE mobiles, I startled a friend by asking the legendary violinist Yehudi Menuhin to phone his home so I could do an interview.
1999 VIOLINIST and conductor Yehudi Menuhin, right, died at the age of 82.
1999: One of the 20th century's finest musicians Yehudi Menuhin dies, aged 82.