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see Yan'anYan'an
or Yenan
, city (1991 pop. 115,900), N Shaanxi prov., China, on the Yen River. Now a market and tourist center, it is famed as the terminus of the long march and the de facto capital (1936–47, 1948–49) of the Chinese Communists, who established
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, China.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Northwest China, in Shensi Province, in the North Shensi Basin. Yenan is served by Hsian-Paot’ou highway and is connected by air with Hsian. Industry includes a steel mill, a mineral fertilizer plant, a paper mill, and wool and knitwear factories. Oil and oil shale are extracted in the region, which contains the Yench’ang oil fields.

Yenan arose early in the Common Era on the site of a military settlement. It acquired its present name in the late sixth century. At the end of 1936, after the transfer of the main forces of the Red Army of China from the regions south and north of the Yangtze to northern Shensi Province, Yenan became the capital of the Shensi-Kansu-Ningsia Border Area, the seat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, and the location of the general headquarters of the armed forces led by the party. On Mar. 19, 1947, it was seized by Kuomintang troops. Yenan was liberated by units of the People’s Liberation Army of China on Apr. 22, 1948.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Yenan
a city in NE China, in N Shaanxi province: political and military capital of the Chinese Communists (1935--49). Pop.: 343 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
After a round of introductions, he accompanied the Communist leaders into the back of a covered truck, which sped them into Yenan.
The second wave is also associated with Chinese Marxist literary theory as seen in the work of Pickowicz who discussed Chinese Marxist literary theory based on Qu's and Mao's thought: "While the role played by Mao's Talks at Yenan during and after 1942 has attracted considerable attention in Western scholarship, no effort has made to study the relationship between Mao's ideas about literature and the works of earlier Chinese Marxist literary critics" (Ch'uch'iu-pai365).
Yenan Mo, (1) Xusheng Liu, (2) Xindong Qin, (1) Jing Huang, (2) Zhiren He, (2) Junjie Lin, (2) Qinqing Hu, (2) Youqing Cai, (2) Zhuangzhu Liu, (3) and Lixin Wang (2)
Passages such as this evoke Edgar Snow's description of optimism surrounding the Chinese revolutionaries in Yenan in 1936 during the most idealistic phase of Chinese communism.
He perfected this method in Yenan, where all were coerced into an exercise of criticism and self-criticism by confessing and implicating each other in terrible "wrongs".
Mao was picked as a winner by the Kremlin because he was deemed to posses the requisite ruthlessness, and he set up his bandit fiefdom in 1928 in the province of Yenan.
The first part contains a dictionary of Yupik terms for sea ice, compiled and written mostly by Conrad Oozeva and beautifully illustrated by Vadim Yenan and Chester Noongwook.
From 1937, they congregated at Yenan, Mao's new capital in Shaanxi province, eager to emulate the heroism of the veterans.
Lee links Mao's Yenan talks to Ch'u Ch'iu-pai's critique of May Fourth literature: Mao criticized its preoccupations with conceptions of love and humanitarianism, urging that new literature reflect a clear "peasant-worker-soldier focus" and that it fulfil "the needs of the masses" (p.
(84) Mao Zedong, Yenan Forum on Literature and Art.
Communist China produced Mao badges for purposes such as commemoration, incentive, and worship ever since the Yenan period.