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see Yan'anYan'an
or Yenan
, city (1991 pop. 115,900), N Shaanxi prov., China, on the Yen River. Now a market and tourist center, it is famed as the terminus of the long march and the de facto capital (1936–47, 1948–9) of the Chinese Communists, who established
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, China.



a city in Northwest China, in Shensi Province, in the North Shensi Basin. Yenan is served by Hsian-Paot’ou highway and is connected by air with Hsian. Industry includes a steel mill, a mineral fertilizer plant, a paper mill, and wool and knitwear factories. Oil and oil shale are extracted in the region, which contains the Yench’ang oil fields.

Yenan arose early in the Common Era on the site of a military settlement. It acquired its present name in the late sixth century. At the end of 1936, after the transfer of the main forces of the Red Army of China from the regions south and north of the Yangtze to northern Shensi Province, Yenan became the capital of the Shensi-Kansu-Ningsia Border Area, the seat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, and the location of the general headquarters of the armed forces led by the party. On Mar. 19, 1947, it was seized by Kuomintang troops. Yenan was liberated by units of the People’s Liberation Army of China on Apr. 22, 1948.


, Yenan
a city in NE China, in N Shaanxi province: political and military capital of the Chinese Communists (1935--49). Pop.: 343 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
After a round of introductions, he accompanied the Communist leaders into the back of a covered truck, which sped them into Yenan.
Minmin Wang's analysis of the Talks in 1998 is more detailed than Denton's and interprets the Talks as a kind of speech and then applies Western classical rhetorical analysis to it in order to create "new ideas" or rather Chinese political rhetoric from "old perspectives": "Mao's Talks at the Yenan forum can be seen as an effort to apply those tenets to literary and art works, aiming especially to establish his ideological doctrine among intellectuals in the CCP" (185).
mission in Yenan, was taken in by communist claims that they represented land reform and preferred America to Russia.
After Snow left to arrange publication, his wife, Helen, remained in Yenan, mailing him further corrections to the manuscript made by the Communist leadership.
Communist China produced Mao badges for purposes such as commemoration, incentive, and worship ever since the Yenan period.
June); "From Yenan to the Yangtze: A Unit on Chinese Geography" (C.
The twentieth-century variant of this process, in Third World countries, also permits revolutionary protagonists in guerrilla enclaves, like Yenan in China or the Sierra Maestra in Cuba, to build small-scale alternative societies, initiating land reform, health clinics, and literacy.
To understand Mao's China, a clear view of his early power bases in Jiangxi and Yenan is desirable since there he first put his ideas into practice and laid the groundwork for later developments.
Correspondents who visited the Communist headquarters at Yenan saw what was described there as "the new democracy.
As Mao rose to the top after the CCP settled in Yenan following the Long March in 1934, Deng rose with him, becoming senior political commissar for the Red Army, a post he held throughout both the Sino- Japanese War (1937--45) and the resumed civil war that followed.
The Yenan [Yah'an] Way in Revolutionary China, Mark Seldon's controversial study of the Shaan-Gan-Ning Border Region, that barren area of Northwest China governed by the Communist Party (CCP) from 1935 to 1947, was, for many years, the pivotal study of revolutionary change.
Cardew's study of Marx and his long-standing interest in Chinese culture eventually led him to Mao Tse-Tung's 'Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art' from 1942.