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any skin disorder, such as scabies, characterized by intense itching
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a distressing sensation caused by constant weak irritation of the cutaneous nerve endings that are pain receptors and accompanied by the need to scratch the skin.

Itching may be stimulated by a number of metabolic products—for example, bile acids in jaundice. There is localized and universal (generalized) itching. Localized itching is found in certain inflammatory diseases of the skin. Causes of universal itching may be diseases of the skin proper, diseases of various internal organs (jaundice, diabetes mellitus); certain allergic states, and decrease in function of the sex glands. The very notion of a habitual source of itching familiar through past experience (for example, an insect bite) may produce the corresponding sensation of itching (conditioned-reflex itching). Itching may be chronic or come in attacks lasting from a few hours to many weeks. Scratching leads to disruption of the integrity of surface layers of the skin and to infection of itching areas, which may cause a secondary inflammatory disease of the skin.

Treatment of an itch consists in eliminating the disease that is causing it. Sedatives (bromine, valerian, calcium preparations) are prescribed and menthol and sea baths are applied externally. Hormone preparations are used for climacteric and geriatric itching. Localized itching can be prevented by the observance of personal hygiene.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An irritating cutaneous sensation allied to pain.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
With his re-vision, he feels the able-bodied person's guilt toward the permanently blind Yeuk, and fears he will be weaned from this girl; hence, he pretends to remain as blind as usual so that he can keep his fragile relation with her intact.
We are concerned about the YEuK investigations into the academics.
Finally, YEuK [Higher Education Board] has given full authority to the university administrations of those academics to carry out administrative investigations.
With an immediate response, President Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an stated that those 1,128 who signed the declaration are "cruel traitors." Furthermore, he repeated this expression a few times after first stating it and invited the Higher Education Board (YEuK) and public prosecutors to take action against the "traitors."
If all of these academics are dismissed from universities as a result of the investigation launched by the Higher Education Board (YEuK), you can be sure that no one except the HDP will support them.
According to media reports, the Higher Education Board (YEuK) and the Gaziantep Public Prosecutor's Office also launched administrative and criminal investigations respectively against the four academics.
Akdeniz University and Hacettepe also stated on Thursday and Friday that they will also begin the necessary legal proceedings against the academics who signed the declaration in line with an order from YEuK.
As Today's Zaman reported, ''not long after Erdoy-an's speech, Turkey's Higher Education Board (YEuK) said it would launch a disciplinary investigation into the signatories of the declaration, threatening to fire them.''
Erdoy-an shouted: "I call upon all our institutions: Everyone who benefits from this state but is now an enemy of the state must be punished without further delay." And, instantly, the Higher Education Board (YEuK) stated that the institution will do whatever it deems necessary regarding the punishment of the academics who signed the declaration.
Shortly after his call, the Higher Education Board (YEuK) said in a statement that the institution will do whatever it deems necessary regarding the academics who signed the declaration.