Yitzhak Rabin


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Rabin, Yitzhak

(yĭtskhäk` räbēn`), 1922–95, Israeli general and statesman, b. Jerusalem, the first native-born prime minister of Israel (1974–77, 1992–95). His extensive military experience began in 1940 when he joined the Haganah (Jewish militia) and thereafter fought in the British army. He rose in rank from brigade commander in the 1948 Arab-Israeli WarArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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 to chief of staff in 1964 and was credited with Israel's military success in the Six Day War (1967). After serving as envoy to Washington (1968–73), Rabin was elected as a Labor representative to the Knesset (Israeli parliament). In Mar., 1974, he joined Golda MeirMeir, Golda
, 1898–1978, Israeli political leader, b. Kiev, Russia, originally named Golda Mabovitch. Her family emigrated to the United States in 1906, settling in Milwaukee. She became a school teacher and early involved herself in the Zionist labor movement.
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's cabinet as labor minister; after her resignation in May, Rabin succeeded her as prime minister. One of his most formidable challenges was the 1976 Entebbe raid, in which he authorized the operation of Israeli commandos in the rescue of more than 100 Jews held hostage there. Rabin resigned as prime minister in 1977 prior to Labor's loss at the polls. He was succeeded as party leader by Shimon PeresPeres, Shimon
, 1923–2016, Israeli politician, b. Wiszniew, Poland (now Vishnyeva, Belarus) as Shimon Perski. His family immigrated to Palestine in 1934; his grandparents, who remained in Poland, were killed in the Holocaust.
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. As defense minister (1984–90) in the Labor-Likud coalition government, Rabin ordered a harsh crackdown in the West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 in the late 1980s in an effort to end the Arab uprising there (see IntifadaIntifada
[Arab.,=uprising, shaking off], the Palestinian uprising during the late 1980s and early 90s in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, areas that had been occupied by Israel since 1967. A vehicular accident that killed four Palestinians in the Gaza Strip in Dec.
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). Rabin ousted Peres as Labor party leader in 1992 and led Labor to victory in the national elections, becoming prime minister and defense minister. Rabin played a key role in peace negotiations between Israel and its Arab neighbors, and in 1993 he endorsed a historic peace agreement with the Palestine Liberation OrganizationPalestine Liberation Organization
(PLO), coordinating council for Palestinian organizations, founded (1964) by Egypt and the Arab League and initially controlled by Egypt.
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 (PLO), providing for mutual recognition and a transition to Palestinian self-rule in the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Rabin, along with Peres and PLO leader Yasir ArafatArafat
or Arafa
, granite hill, Saudi Arabia, near Mecca. The hill was an ancient pagan sanctuary and is shrouded in many legends. It is a site for prayers during the hajj, the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca. Atop the hill is a minaret, reached by broad stone steps.
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, received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994. In 1994, Rabin signed a peace treaty with Jordan, and a 1995 agreement with the PLO expanded Palestinian self-rule. He was assassinated Nov. 4, 1995, by an Israeli law student with links to right-wing extremist groups.

Bibliography

See I. Rabinovich, Waging Peace (1999).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Continue reading "Yitzhak Rabin's Annual Memorial Service Turns Ugly" at...
They had been invited by President Bill Clinton, along with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and his Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, to sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) between the PLO and Israel.
Rabinovich notes at the end of Yitzhak Rabin: Soldier, Leader, Statesman, "At some point I considered as a subtitle for this book a line written by the poet Shaul Tchernichovsky: 'The image of his native landscape.'" Rabin was "the quintessential sabra," Rabinovich writes, with "a rough exterior concealing an inner sensitivity." He was "a political dove and a military hawk."
Killing a King: The Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin and the Remaking of Israel
Mechanic, AFRMC Board Member and Chairman of the real estate department of Fried Frank, with the 2015 Yitzhak Rabin Excellence in Leadership Award.
Yitzhak Rabin: A Political Biography, by Leslie Derfler.
Yitzhak Rabin (1 March 1922-4 November 1995) was an Israeli politician, statesman and general.
A third of Israeli youths are unaware of what happened on 4 November 1995, when prime minister Yitzhak Rabin was shot dead by right-wing Orthodox Jew Yigal Amir.
Clinton also said that the worst thing that happened during his term was the assassination Yitzhak Rabin. (end) mzt.mb KUNA 180012 Jun 13NNNN
It's worth mentioning that Israel signed a peace treaty with Jordan in 1994 between the late Israel's Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Late King of Jordan Hussein I, Abdullah's father.
Oren reportedly telephoned his consuls general over the weekend saying US-Israel relations were at their lowest point since the 1975, when US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger pressured former Israeli Premier Yitzhak Rabin to withdraw partially from the Egyptian Sinai Desert.
Yitzhak Rabin's assassination and the dilemmas of commemoration.