Yitzhak Shamir

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Shamir, Yitzhak

(yētz`äk shämēr`), 1915–2012, Zionist activist and Israeli politician, b. Poland. Emigrating (1935) to Palestine, he was twice arrested by the British for participating in a militant Jewish organization; in 1946 he fled to France. Returning (1948) to IsraelIsrael
, officially State of Israel, republic (2015 est. pop. 8,065,000, including Israelis in occupied Arab territories), 7,992 sq mi (20,700 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea.
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, he served (1955–65) in Israel's secret service, the Mossad. He helped to found (1973) the conservative Likud party, becoming its leader and prime minister upon the retirement of Menachem BeginBegin, Menachem
, 1913–92, Zionist leader and Israeli prime minister (1977–83), b. Russia. He became (1938) leader of a Zionist youth movement in Poland, where he also earned a law degree.
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 in 1983. In office, he promoted continued Jewish settlement of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. In 1984 and 1988, Likud and Labor formed a government of national unity in which Shamir served as foreign minister (1984–86) and prime minister (1986–90). From 1990 to 1992 Shamir was prime minister of a Likud-led right-wing government.


See his autobiography (1994); H. Misgav, Conversations with Yitzhak Shamir (1997, tr. 2000).

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