Ugliness

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ugliness

 

an aesthetic category, opposite and complementary to beauty. Ugliness describes an outwardly displayed violation of some inner standard of being. The Russian bezobraznoe denotes something unshaped, chaotic, and lacking obraz (form). Art attempts the reproduction of ugliness, which expresses the negative sides of reality, in order to portray reality in all its fullness. In this case, as has often been noted, beginning with Aristotle (see Poetics, 4. 1448 c), the artistic reproduction of ugliness, as distinct from actual ugliness, affords a certain aesthetic pleasure, connected with the mastery of the portrayal and the aesthetic discharging of negative emotions.

REFERENCES

Kagan, M. S. Lektsii po marksistsko-leninskoi estetike. Leningrad, 1963.
Pages 49–68.
Rosenkranz, C. Ästhetik des Hässlichen. Königsberg, 1853.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Ugliness

Avagddu
ugly child of Tegid Voel and Cerridwen. [Celtic Folklore: Parrinder, 35]
Balkis
hairy-legged type of Queen of Sheba. [Talmudic Legend: Walsh Classical, 45]
Bendith Y Mamau
stunted, ugly fairies; kidnapped children. [Celtic Folklore: Briggs, 21]
Berchta
beady-eyed, hook-nosed crone with clubfoot and stringy hair. [Ger. Folklore: Leach, 137]
Black Annis
cannibalistic hag with blue face and iron claws. [Br. Folklore: Briggs, 24]
Duessa
witch, stripped of lavish disguise, found to be hideous hag. [Br. Lit.: Faerie Queene]
Ethel
buck-toothed, gangly teenager in love with idler, Jughead. [Comics: “Archie” in Horn, 37]
Euryale and Stheno
the immortal Gorgons; had serpents for hair and brazen claws. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 114]
Frankenstein’s monster
ugly monster. [Br. Lit.: Frankenstein, Payton, 254]
gargoyles
medieval European church waterspouts; made in form of grotesque creatures. [Architecture: NCE, 1046]
Gorgons
snake-haired, winged creatures of frightful appearance. [Gk. Myth.: Howe, 108]
Gross, Allison
repulsive witch “in the north country.” [Scot. Ballad: Childe Ballads]
Medusa
creature with fangs, snake-hair, and protruding tongue. [Gk. Myth.: Hall, 206]
Quasimodo
“Nowhere on earth a more grotesque creature.” [Fr. Lit.: The Hunchback of Notre Dame]
Spriggans
grotesque fairies; “dourest and most ugly set of sprights.” [Br. Folklore: Briggs, 380–381]
Ugly Duchess
repulsive woman with pocket-shaped mouth. [Br. Lit.: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland]
Ugly Duckling
ugly outcast until fully grown. [Fairy Tale: Misc.]
Witch of Wookey
repulsive hag curses boys and girls. [Br. Legend: Brewer Dictionary, 1164]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.