Yaqui

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Yaqui

(yä` kē), people of Sonora, Mexico, settled principally along the Yaqui river. Their language is of Uto-Aztecan stock. They engage in weaving and agriculture; many work in the cotton regions of Sonora and S Arizona. The Yaqui have proved to be warlike and have opposed encroachments on their lands. In the late 19th cent. under the Mexican dictator Porfirio Díaz they were ruthlessly persecuted and many were deported to plantations at Yucatán and Quintana Roo, over 2,000 mi (3,200 km) away. Some escaped and returned on foot to Sonora. The Mexican government attempted to control resistance by further resettlement, and many Yaqui emigrated to Arizona to escape subjugation. Later, efforts were made to improve their lot. There are about 10,000 Yaqui today in the United States and at least an equal number in Mexico.

Bibliography

See E. H. Spicer, Potam, a Yaqui Village in Sonora (1954); R. W. Giddings, Yaqui Myths and Legends (1959); R. Moisés, The Tall Candle (1971).

Yaqui

a river in NW Mexico, rising near the border with the US and flowing south to the Gulf of California. Length: about 676 km (420 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
El clima suele variar del promedio anual de 24[grados]C hasta 48[grados]C de junio a septiembre, por lo que los yoeme padecen cada vez mas la carencia de agua, situacion que vuelve complicada la vida cotidiana de sus habitantes.
El periodo mas grave en la historia yoeme se presento a finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX, cuando los proyectos positivistas del gobierno federal, centrados en el progreso socioeconomico, promovieron la colonizacion del noroeste mexicano.
De esta comunicacion puede deducirse que la guerra era percibida de diferente manera por los yoemes y los yoris.
Yoeme interprets all of history as leading to a destruction of the other, the European.
Yoeme alleges that Montezuma and the Aztecs were equal to Cortes and the Europeans in 'blood worship': 'Those who worshiped destruction and blood secretly knew one another (Jarman 159).
65) The people will have to undergo the "cruel years" about which old Yoeme had warned Zeta and Lecha.
There is still the bull snake who advises Yoeme and to whom Zeta later learns to listen; there are the drawings in the almanac; there are the Barefoot Hopi's connections with the snake; there are the rattlesnake images in Menardo's dreams; there are the lizard skin pumps of Alegria and other wealthy women--over and over it occurs.
Nos muestran que la "vision de los vencidos" no sigue siempre por cauces claros de antagonismo y resistencia, sino que expone numerosos ejemplos de colaboracion e incluso contubernio, como el de los botos o indios bautizados y los yoris, una categoria regional cahita que indica tanto al que cura como al que mata, que se extiende a los blancos y mestizos; incluso a aquellos que los yoemes llaman los torocoyoris.
Pero las reglas siempre conllevan excepciones, y aqui se refieren a los yoemes o yaquis, sobre quienes se vertio mas tinta en esta obra colectiva.
Con datos proporcionados por dos informantes, Padilla Ramos contrasta las percepciones de varios miembros de la nacion yoeme acerca de su lengua, territorio y autogobierno.
In addition, Lecha and Zeta are in the process of recopying a series of notebooks given to them by their grandmother, Yoeme, which contains the spiritual heart of their ancestors and which is the spiritual center of the novel.
15) The Hopis and the Yoemes, to take only two examples, have every right as tribal nations to restrict or prohibit access to their archives, ceremonies, and cultural material.