Yogyakarta


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Yogyakarta

(yōg'yəkär`tə, yōk'–),

Jogjakarta

(jōg'–, jōk'–), or

Djokjakarta

(jōk'–), city (1990 pop. 412,059), S Java, Indonesia, at the foot of volcanic Mt. Merapi, capital of the special region of Yogyakarta (1990 pop. 2,912,611), a former sultanate. It is the cultural center of Java, known for its artistic life, particularly its drama and dance festivals and handicraft industries. It is also the trade hub of a major rice-producing region, and there is some manufacturing. Tourism is important; the magnificent BorobudurBorobudur
or Boroboeder
, ruins of one of the finest Buddhist monuments, in central Java, Indonesia. Built by the Sailendras of Sumatra, this magnificent shrine dates from about the 9th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
 temple is in the area. The vast walled palace (18th cent.) of the sultan of Yogyakarta was the provisional capital (1949–50) of the republic of Indonesia; part of it now houses Gadjah Mada Univ. Also in the city are the Islamic Univ. of Indonesia and several colleges. The town was founded (1749) by a sultan in an area which had been the center of previous cultures. It was the focus of the revolt against the Dutch (1825–30) and was the stronghold of the Indonesian independence movement from 1946 to 1950.
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Yogyakarta

, Jogjakarta, Jokjakarta, Djokjakarta
a city in S Indonesia, in central Java: seat of government of Indonesia (1946--49); university (1949). Pop.: 396 711 (2000)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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