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(yō`ko͝ots), Native North Americans of S California. Their culture was essentially that of the California cultural area, and their basketry and pictographs are notable. In the late 18th cent. the Yokuts population was about 18,000; in 1990 it was under 3,000. The Yokuts, or Mariposan, languages are a branch of the Penutian linguistic family (see Native American LanguagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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See H. F. Hughes, The Valley of the Yokuts (1940).

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References in periodicals archive ?
When he was twenty-four, Latta had started creating lists of translated words from different Yokuts dialects, and he patiently assembled the lists into dictionaries: "sister," aw-gawish, "squirrel," skee-til.
Between thirty thousand and eighty thousand of them were Yokuts people living in the San Joaquin Valley.
In part 2 Frank and Goldberg introduce what they see as the pivotal event in the modern story of Yokuts sovereignty: the legal case of United States v.
The Yokuts people, with their oral culture and no written language, had dwelt in California's San Joaquin Valley for "only 2000 years," says Kroeber.
Since 1989, 616 western pond turtle bone fragments have been recovered from the Creighton Ranch site at Tulare Lake, deposited in such a way as to suggest they were consumed regularly by the Southern San Joaquin Valley Yokuts throughout their occupation of the area.
Dioramas, baskets, and cradleboards tell the story of the Yokuts, a model switching yard and roundhouse the story of the Southern Pacific.
Having been adopted by the Choinumne Yokuts at the age of six, Mayfield was raised to speak their language, wear their clothing, eat their foods, navigate their boats, hunt their game, and build with them their houses.
Arkush, "Yokuts Trade Networks and Native Culture Change in Central and Eastern California," Ethnohistory 40 (1993): 619-40; George Harwood Phillips, Indians and Intruders in Central California, 1769-1849 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1993); Angelo Anastasio, "The Southern Plateau: An Ecological Analysis of Intergroup Relations," Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 6 (1972): 109-207; Jose Luis Mirafuentes Galvin, "Seris, apaches y espanioles en Sonora.
lobata once formed a 400-square-mile forest in the San Joaquin Valley, providing acorns, the main food source for the Yokuts Indians.
The essay uses examples from tribes widely separated geographically such as the Eskimo, the Ojibwa, the Aztec, the Yokuts of California, and others to discuss songs as poetry in areas of Indian life that include cosmology, love, magic, work, and death.
You can take the 1-mile Miwok Trail through the oaks and a wildflower meadow or the paved 1/2-mile Yokuts Trail, a self-guided nature trail.