Yoritomo

Yoritomo

(Yoritomo Minamoto) (yōrē`tōmō mēnä`mōtō), 1148–99, Japanese warrior and dictator, founder of the Kamakura shogunate. After a prolonged struggle he led his clan, the Minamoto, to victory over the Taira in 1185. He became (1192) the first shogunshogun
, title of the feudal military administrator who from the 12th cent. to the 19th cent. was, as the emperor's military deputy, the actual ruler of Japan. The title itself, Sei-i-tai Shogun [barbarian-subduing generalissimo], dates back to 794 and originally meant commander
..... Click the link for more information.
, established his bakufu (headquarters) at Kamakura, and rewarded his retainers with estates strategically located throughout the country. These fiefs later became the basis of the power of the daimyodaimyo
[Jap.,=great name], the great feudal landholders of Japan, the territorial barons as distinguished from the kuge, or court nobles. Great tax-free estates were built up from the 8th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Aided by scholars drawn from the imperial court, which Yoritomo controlled, he set up an administrative network that soon became the only effective central government. His shogunate marked the beginning of a vigorous period in Japanese history. Zen Buddhism was officially sponsored, and the military virtues of bushidobushido
[Jap.,=way of the warrior], code of honor and conduct of the Japanese nobility. Of ancient origin, it grew out of the old feudal bond that required unwavering loyalty on the part of the vassal. It borrowed heavily from Zen Buddhism and Confucianism.
..... Click the link for more information.
 were cultivated. Yoritomo's system of centralized feudalism set the pattern of military rule in Japan until the mid-19th cent.

Bibliography

See J. P. Mass, Court and Bakufu in Japan: Essays in Kamakura History (1982).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
It is a small shrine on the site of the (long-ago disappeared) Takamatsu palace, residence of the Emperor Go-Shirakawa at the time of the Hogen disturbance, 1156, in which Taira no Kiyomori and Minamoto no Yoshitomo (father of Yoritomo and Yoshitsune) fought the emperor's enemies as allies.
(88) Wen, Z., Nguyen, H.N., Guo, Z., Lalli, M.A., Wang, X., Su, Y., Kim, N.S., Yoon, K.J., Shin, J., Zhang, C., Makri, G., Nauen, D., Yu, H., Guzman, E., Chiang, C.H., Yoritomo, N., Kaibuchi, K., Zou, J., Christian, K.M., Cheng, L., Ross, C.A., Margolis, R.L., Chen, G., Kosik, K.S., Song, H.
The grasses with their plethora of associations, the ghosts of Hidehira, Yoritomo, and Yoshitsuen, an allusion drawn from a famous noh drama--Basho framed his verse with rich and complex historical, literary, and philosophical associations.
"General" is, however, only a very generic title, and it is not necessarily synonymous with the particular set of institutions that came to be known as "the shogunate." Even under the actual Japanese shogunate, it is noteworthy that although Minamoto Yoritomo (1147-1199) is considered to have been the "first shogun," he was appointed shogun by the Japanese emperor in 1192 but only continued to hold the title until 1195, and did not bequeath it to his heir.
In SZ 1.8 we read of General Minamoto Yoritomo, who refused to carry out an illegal order to arrest a man.
Kaufman, founder of the Dojo No Hebi School of the Snake, offers a work of "docu-fiction." Based on his personal investigations into the teachings of Miyamoto Musashi's Book of Five Rings and Sun Tzu's Art of War, Kaufman has created an 'ancient text' written in the voice of a real-life advisor to the ruthless general Minamoto Yoritomo, the first shogun of Japan.
Hibrido de mosca y colibri, surge en Kyoto el Ku, diminuto pajaro criado por el baron de Yoritomo para que acompanase a un arce rojo en su dolorosa reduccion a bonsai.
Yoshitsune's older brother Minamoto no Yoritomo (the third son of Yoshitomo) founded the Kamakura shogunate.
Did he build the lodge for pilgrims at Yawata (an area south of Kyoto near Iwashimizu Hachiman shrine) because he had hoped to curry favor with the shogunate, since the late shogun Yoritomo had established a branch of the shrine (Tsurugaoka Hachiman) at Kamakura?
''Kanjincho,'' the most popular of the 18 classical pieces in Kabuki's repertoire, depicts warlord Minamoto-no Yoshitsune (1159-1189) and his followers who are fleeing Yoshitsune's elder brother Yoritomo (1147-1199), the founder and first shogun of the Kamakura shogunate government.
The retainers are disguised as yamabushi (mountain priests), trying to rescue their lord, the Genii commander Yoshitsune, whose half brother Yoritomo suspects him of treason and is trying to have him killed.