Yoruba Kingdoms

Yoruba Kingdoms

 

city-states founded in the 12th to 14th century in western Sudan and inhabited by the Yoruba people. The best known were the city of Ife, the cultural and religious center of the country of Yoruba; and the city of Oyo, which from the 15th century gradually began to unite the majority of the Yoruba kingdoms under its domination. In the second half of the 18th century, Oyo’s political influence spread west to the Gold Coast and east to the Niger River. The social system in the Yoruba kingdoms was characterized by the predominance of communal relations, along with the sharply expressed social and economic inequality of the ordinary commune members and the ruling clique. Household slaves and the slave trade played a large role in the economic and social life of the kingdoms. At the beginning of the 19th century, Oyo disintegrated into many small, independent city-states that warred with each other. In the middle of the 19th century, the gradual seizure of the Yoruba kingdoms by Great Britain began. In 1906 the captured territories were included in the structure of the British colony and protectorate of Southern Nigeria.

REFERENCE

Kochakova, N. B. Goroda-gosudarstva iorubov. Moscow, 1968.

N. B. KOCHAKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The Ifa corpus constitutes a way of validating Yoruba cultural and traditional practices as well as accounting for how Yoruba kingdoms are established.
the incorporation of a Yoruba kingdom, 1890s-1970s.
Using Tangwa's view, one can arguably propose that Yoruba traditional society was a reconciliation of the "autocratic dictatorship and popular democracy" as traditional Yoruba Kingdoms exhibited a balance of authority and democracy (Tangwa 1998: 2).
The above political organization of the traditional Yoruba Kingdoms thus without a doubt, portrays a participatory democracy.
Conqueringly in this context we know that the constitutions of the traditional Yoruba Kingdoms were carefully balanced to allow distributive power among the Oba, the categories of chiefs, the spiritual and political office holders, as well as, representatives of different age and professional groups with historical evidence.