As with literary societies in China, membership in one group did not inhibit activity in another, and Yosano Tekkan's own Shinshi sha assembled poets dedicated both to modern tanka and to shintaishi, such as his future wife Yosano Akiko
[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1878-1942), Kitahara Hakushu [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1885-1942), or Ishikawa Takuboku [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1886-1912).
The book focuses on the work of three influential Japanese writers: Yosano Akiko
, Tamura Toshiko, and Hayashi Fumiko.
In Chapter 4, preceded by the debate on women's familial, social, and public roles among early feminists such as Yosano Akiko
and Hiratsuka Raicho, the site of sex knowledge formation shifts away from the hands of scholars and experts into a broader sphere involving "socialists, pacifists, and feminists--among whom were midwives, doctors, pharmacists, university professors, teachers, farmers, workers, and bureaucrats" (p.
Also, at this point, well-known writers and critics, such as the founder of the Bluestocking Society, Hiratsuka Raicho, the socialist-activist, Yamakawa Kikue, the poet and critic, Yosano Akiko
and the male social critic, Hirabayashi Hatsunosuke are introduced.
The enormous popularity of the war created the previously unthinkable ideological cohabitation of the ultranationalistic Imperial Reservists' Association, nationalist leaders of mainstream parties like the Seiyukai's Adachi Kenzo, Japan's most prominent pacifist, Yosano Akiko
and many communists, including Ozaki Hotsumi, the brilliant China specialist subsequently hanged for his role in the Sorge spy case.
Keene's devotion to translating and explicating Japanese poetry is reflected in Janine Beichman's article on the modern woman poet Yosano Akiko
, and in Amy Vladeck Heinrich's study of Saito Mokichi.
For example, one of the longest-running debates among feminists is the so-called boseiai (maternal love) debate; the term bosei (motherhood) first surfaced in the Japanese national media in 1918, when Yosano Akiko
(a well-known poet), Hiratsuka Raicho (founder of the journal Seito [Bluestocking] and a translator of Ellen Key) and Yamakawa Kikue (a well-known socialist) debated whether legislative protection for mothers, especially working mothers, was needed.
He was deeply influenced by the new style of the poet Yosano Akiko
, whose Midaregami (Tangled Hair) appeared in 1901.
Known primarily for her tanka poems, Yosano Akiko
is here presented by Laurel Rodd as both a practitioner of free verse and a commentator on the poetry of her times.
Profiles on poets from Paula Gunn Allen to Yosano Akiko
feature dates, a list of principal poetry, other literary genres, achievements, a biography, and analysis.
The selection of poets includes such towering figures in the creation of modern Japanese tanka as Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902), Yosano Akiko
(1878-1942), Saito Mokichi (1882-1953), and Ishikawa Takuboku (1886-1912).
He entered Keio^O University in Tokyo to study with the novelist Nagai Kafu in 1910, but he had already joined the Myo^Ojo^O group of poets centering around Yosano Akiko
and her husband Tekkan and left Keio^O without graduating.