Youlou, Fulbert(yo͞o`lo͞o), 1917–72, first president (1960–63) of Congo (Brazzaville). Originally a Roman Catholic priest, he entered politics, founded the country's strongest political party, and in 1956 was elected mayor of Brazzaville. Public reaction to his efforts to create a one-party state, coupled with the nation's economic failures, led to his forced resignation. He was replaced by Alphonse Massamba-DébatMassamba-Débat, Alphonse,
1921–77, Congolese politician. A teacher, he became involved in the independence movement. He was elected to the legislative assembly in 1959 and was its president (1959–61) when the Congo Republic gained independence in 1960.
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