Yoweri Museveni

(redirected from Yoweri Kaguta Museveni)

Museveni, Yoweri

(you`ərē mo͞o'səvā`nē), 1944?–, Ugandan political leader, president of Uganda (1986–), b. Ntungamo. He studied economics and political science at the Univ. of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (B.A., 1970), where he headed a leftist student group. He worked briefly as an intelligence official in the government of Milton OboteObote, Apollo Milton
, 1924–2005, president of Uganda (1966–71, 1980–85). Obote, a member of the legislative council of Uganda from 1957, founded (1960) the Uganda People's Congress.
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. When Idi AminAmin, Idi
, c.1925–2003, Ugandan army officer and dictator. From the small Kakwa ethnic group, he advanced in the Ugandan armed forces from private (1946) to major general (1968). In 1971 he seized control of the government, toppling the regime of Milton Obote.
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 took power, Museveni went into exile (1971) in Tanzania, organizing an opposition group that had a pivotal role in overthrowing (1979) Amin. Museveni lost to Obote in the 1980 presidential elections, which were widely believed to have been fixed. He then founded the National Resistance Army (NRA), which ultimately won the five-year guerrilla war; Museveni was declared president.

Pledging to restore peace and end ethnic strife, he instituted a number of reforms, e.g., the privatization of state-owned companies and promotion of a free market to help rebuild Uganda's ravaged economy, cutbacks in government spending, and an independent judiciary, and instituted an effective program to control the spread of AIDS. He also long opposed multiparty democracy, maintaining that it required a thriving economy and viable middle class. Generally considered a leading African statesman and power broker, Museveni has called for Africans to stop blaming colonialism for their problems and to attempt to operate without Western aid. However, Uganda also has intervened in the political affairs of neighboring countries, including Congo, Rwanda, and Sudan. Museveni's reputation has been tarnished by profiteering and looting by Uganda's forces in the Congo and by his increasingly autocratic rule, failure to tackle corruption, and intolerance for political opposition; prominent critics of the president have often been charged with, though rarely convicted of, treason.

Uganda's first direct presidential election (1996) returned Museveni to office by an overwhelming majority, but a referendum that approved (2000) continuing his so-called no-party state saw a large drop in voter turnout. He was reelected president by a large majority in 2001, but this time there were cleared indications of vote fraud, although it seemed to have inflated rather than ensured his win. A 2005 referendum, which approved returning to a multiparty system, was supported by Museveni. He was elected to a third term in 2006 after the constitution was amended (2005) to permit him to do so and won again in 2011, in 2016, and, after age restrictions were removed, in 2021; the elections that were marred by irregularities.

Bibliography

See his Selected Articles on the Uganda Resistance War (1986); G. Ondoga Ori Amaza, Museveni's Long March (1998).

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References in periodicals archive ?
On 22nd August 2019, the President of Rwanda, Paul Kagame and his counterpart of Uganda, Yoweri Kaguta Museveni signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) aimed at restoring both countries relations back to normal.
The real issue here is quite simple, and it is that under President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, who has been in the saddle since 1986, Uganda, the facade of regular elections notwithstanding, has gradually ossified into a full-blown dictatorship in which opposition to Mr.
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Mathok said the border electrification project was initiated by Ugandan leader Yoweri Kaguta Museveni and President Salva Kiir to support resettlement of refugees living in neighboring Uganda after fleeing conflict in December 2013.
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, called for a Heads of State Summit on June 22, 2017.
Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir attends the swearing-in ceremony of Uganda's president Yoweri Kaguta Museveni at the Kololo independence grounds in Kampala, Uganda, May 12, 2016.
Separately, King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman sent cables of congratulations to President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda on the anniversary of his country's independence day, the Saudi Press Agency reported.
His Majesty yesterday sent a cable of congratulations to Ugandan President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni on his country's National Day.
Riyadh, Muharram 28, 1440, October 08, 2018, SPA -- His Royal Highness Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Crown Prince, Vice President of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Defense, has sent a cable of congratulations to President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Republic of Uganda on the anniversary of his country's independence day.
Mbayo's Doha visit is a follow up to Uganda President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni's state visit in April last year.
The two parties signed the declaration at the General Intelligence headquarters in Cairo under the auspices of President Abdelfattah Al-Sisi and Uganda's President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, Egypt's State Information Service (SIS) said in a statement.