Yoweri Museveni

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Museveni, Yoweri

(you`ərē mo͞o'səvā`nē), 1944?–, Ugandan political leader, president of Uganda (1986–), b. Ntungamo. He studied economics and political science at the Univ. of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (B.A., 1970), where he headed a leftist student group. He worked briefly as an intelligence official in the government of Milton OboteObote, Apollo Milton
, 1924–2005, president of Uganda (1966–71, 1980–85). Obote, a member of the legislative council of Uganda from 1957, founded (1960) the Uganda People's Congress.
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. When Idi AminAmin, Idi
, c.1925–2003, Ugandan army officer and dictator. From the small Kakwa ethnic group, he advanced in the Ugandan armed forces from private (1946) to major general (1968). In 1971 he seized control of the government, toppling the regime of Milton Obote.
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 took power, Museveni went into exile (1971) in Tanzania, organizing an opposition group that had a pivotal role in overthrowing (1979) Amin. Museveni lost to Obote in the 1980 presidential elections, which were widely believed to have been fixed. He then founded the National Resistance Army (NRA), which ultimately won the five-year guerrilla war; Museveni was declared president.

Pledging to restore peace and end ethnic strife, he instituted a number of reforms, e.g., the privatization of state-owned companies and promotion of a free market to help rebuild Uganda's ravaged economy, cutbacks in government spending, and an independent judiciary, and instituted an effective program to control the spread of AIDS. He also long opposed multiparty democracy, maintaining that it required a thriving economy and viable middle class. Generally considered a leading African statesman and power broker, Museveni has called for Africans to stop blaming colonialism for their problems and to attempt to operate without Western aid. However, Uganda also has intervened in the political affairs of neighboring countries, including Congo, Rwanda, and Sudan. Museveni's reputation has been tarnished by profiteering and looting by Uganda's forces in the Congo and by his increasingly autocratic rule, failure to tackle corruption, and intolerance for political opposition; prominent critics of the president have often been charged with, though rarely convicted of, treason.

Uganda's first direct presidential election (1996) returned Museveni to office by an overwhelming majority, but a referendum that approved (2000) continuing his so-called no-party state saw a large drop in voter turnout. He was reelected president by a large majority in 2001, but this time there were cleared indications of vote fraud, although it seemed to have inflated rather than ensured his win. A 2005 referendum, which approved returning to a multiparty system, was supported by Museveni. He was elected to a third term in 2006 after the constitution was amended (2005) to permit him to do so and won again in 2011, in 2016, and, after age restrictions were removed, in 2021; the elections that were marred by irregularities.


See his Selected Articles on the Uganda Resistance War (1986); G. Ondoga Ori Amaza, Museveni's Long March (1998).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Deputy President William Ruto (fourth left), Uganda President Yoweri Museveni (fifth left) and other leaders at State House, Kampala, on August, 19, 2018.
The presidents of Uganda and South Sudan Yoweri Museveni (L) and Salva Kiir walk side by side (Photo: Getty Images)
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni put politics aside to attend wedding of the daughter of his former PM Amama Mbabazi.
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni (L) listens to SPLM-IO Chairman Riek Machar in a meeting held in Masindi town, on January 25, 2016 (courtesy photo of SPLM-IO)
16 (SUNA) - President of Uganda, Yoweri Museveni, and Vice President of the Republic, Hassabo Mohamed Abdul-Rahman, visited Wednesday the Military College, northern of Omdurman City, within the program of the visit of President Museveni to Sudan which started Tuesday.
American rapper Kanye West and his wife Kim Kardashian on Monday paid a courtesy visit to Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni and gave him a pair of autographed sneakers.
A Ugandan musician and producer have been arrested and locked up in prison for allegedly insulting President Yoweri Museveni.
October 14, 2016 (JUBA) -- Ugandan President, Yoweri Museveni last week met in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, with Riek Machar leader of the armed opposition faction of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO) and Lam Akol, leader of the rebel National Democratic Movement (NDM), Sudan Tribune has learnt.
15 (SUNA)- The official Sudanese - Uganda talks began Tuesday evening at the Republican Palace, co-chaired by the President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, and the Ugandan President, Yoweri Museveni.
The Constitutional Court in Uganda has cleared the way for President Yoweri Museveni to stand for a sixth term if he wants to.