Yoweri Museveni

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Museveni, Yoweri

(you`ərē mo͞o'səvā`nē), 1944?–, Ugandan political leader, president of Uganda (1986–), b. Ntungamo. He studied economics and political science at the Univ. of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (B.A., 1970), where he headed a leftist student group. He worked briefly as an intelligence official in the government of Milton OboteObote, Apollo Milton
, 1924–2005, president of Uganda (1966–71, 1980–85). Obote, a member of the legislative council of Uganda from 1957, founded (1960) the Uganda People's Congress.
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. When Idi AminAmin, Idi
, c.1925–2003, Ugandan army officer and dictator. From the small Kakwa ethnic group, he advanced in the Ugandan armed forces from private (1946) to major general (1968). In 1971 he seized control of the government, toppling the regime of Milton Obote.
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 took power, Museveni went into exile (1971) in Tanzania, organizing an opposition group that had a pivotal role in overthrowing (1979) Amin. Museveni lost to Obote in the 1980 presidential elections, which were widely believed to have been fixed. He then founded the National Resistance Army (NRA), which ultimately won the five-year guerrilla war; Museveni was declared president.

Pledging to restore peace and end ethnic strife, he instituted a number of reforms, e.g., the privatization of state-owned companies and promotion of a free market to help rebuild Uganda's ravaged economy, cutbacks in government spending, and an independent judiciary, and instituted an effective program to control the spread of AIDS. He also long opposed multiparty democracy, maintaining that it required a thriving economy and viable middle class. Generally considered a leading African statesman and power broker, Museveni has called for Africans to stop blaming colonialism for their problems and to attempt to operate without Western aid. However, Uganda also has intervened in the political affairs of neighboring countries, including Congo, Rwanda, and Sudan. Museveni's reputation has been tarnished by profiteering and looting by Uganda's forces in the Congo and by his increasingly autocratic rule, failure to tackle corruption, and intolerance for political opposition; prominent critics of the president have often been charged with, though rarely convicted of, treason.

Uganda's first direct presidential election (1996) returned Museveni to office by an overwhelming majority, but a referendum that approved (2000) continuing his so-called no-party state saw a large drop in voter turnout. He was reelected president by a large majority in 2001, but this time there were cleared indications of vote fraud, although it seemed to have inflated rather than ensured his win. A 2005 referendum, which approved returning to a multiparty system, was supported by Museveni. He was elected to a third term in 2006 after the constitution was amended (2005) to permit him to do so and won again in 2011 and 2016, in elections that were marred by irregularities.


See his Selected Articles on the Uganda Resistance War (1986); G. Ondoga Ori Amaza, Museveni's Long March (1998).

References in periodicals archive ?
Most South Sudanese blame Yoweri Museveni for his role in the current armed conflict.
Sheikh Mohammed also received Uganda President Yoweri Museveni.
Le ministre des Affaires etrangeres, Abdelkader Messahel, a transmis jeudi a Kampala, un message de fraternite et d'amitie du President de la Republique, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, a son homologue ougandais, Yoweri Museveni.
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Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's ongoing visit to four sub-Saharan African countries got off to an awkward start on July 4, when 71-year-old Ugandan dictator Yoweri Museveni gave a puttering and gaffe-filled speech at Entebbe Airport to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the successful Israeli raid that ended a hostage crisis there.
Paying an official visit to Uganda, Erdoy-an was welcomed by the Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni at Presidential Palace with an official ceremony.
NNA - In a sign of thawing relations between the two countries, Sudanese President Omar Al Bashir arrives in Kampala on Thursday as part of a two-day visit to Uganda to discuss bilateral ties and the situation in South Sudan with Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni.
Kampala, Jumada I 11, 1437, Feb 20, 2016, SPA -- Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni has been elected to another five-year term in office, the Electoral Commission said Saturday.
Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni has said anti-gay legislation threatens the country's economic ties with the West.
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Ugandan President, Yoweri Museveni, in his New Year speech, said that his country's economy will register an economic growth rate of 6.