Ypsilantis


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ypsilantis

 

a family of Greek aristocrats.

Alexandras Ypsilantis. Born 1726 in Istanbul; died there Jan. 13, 1807. Grand dragoman of the Porte (1774) and hospodar of Walachia (1774–82, 1796–97) and Moldavia (1786–88). He undertook a number of measures designed to regulate taxation and develop trade and crafts in both principalities. He codified the laws in Walachia.

Konstantinos Ypsilantis. Born 1760 in Istanbul; died June 24, 1816, in Kiev. Grand dragoman of the Porte (1796–99) and hospodar of Moldavia (1799–1802) and Walachia (1802–06). Son of Alexandros. In 1807 he emigrated with his family to Russia.

Alexandros Ypsilantis. Born Dec. 12, 1792, in Constantinople; died Jan. 31, 1828, in Vienna. Major general in the Russian army (1817); participant in the Patriotic War of 1812. Son of Konstantinos. In 1816–17 he served as adjutant to Tsar Alexander I. In April 1820 he joined the secret Greek revolutionary society Philiki Etairia and became its leader. On Feb. 22 (Mar. 6), 1821, he arrived in Iaşi with the aim of raising the Balkan peoples in revolt against the Turkish yoke. In February (March) he appealed to the Greek people to rebel, formed an insurgent army, and incited a rebellion in Moldavia, which served as the signal for the beginning of the Greek War of Independence (1821–29). His position, however, was weakened by his conflict with T. Vladimirescu, the leader of the Walachian Uprising of 1821. In June 1821 Ypsilantis’ forces were crushed by the Turks in a battle near Drăgăşani.

Demetrios Ypsilantis.Born 1793; died Aug. 16, 1832, in Nav-plion. Officer in the Russian army. Alexandros’ brother. In June 1821 he came as a representative of the chief committee of the Philiki Etairia to the Peloponnesus, which was in revolt. In January 1822 the National Assembly in Epidaurus elected him chairman of the Legislative Body. In 1828 the president of Greece, Capodistrias, appointed him commander in chief of the troops of eastern Greece, and he succeeded in driving the Turks from Greek territory.

REFERENCE

Arsh, G. L. Eteristskoe dvizhenie v Rossii. Moscow, 1970.

G. L. ARSH

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The regular army also attracted hundreds of Greek soldiers and officers like the Ypsilantis brothers, who later organized the Greek uprising of 1821--to the chagrin of Nicholas I.
The Greek Orthodox Church excommunicated the likes of Rigas Fereos, Ypsilantis and other leaders of the revolution whom, in its notorious excommunication, it labelled as "arrogant, glory-seeking, vain".
In 1821, encouraged by recent revolutions in Spain and Italy, the radical faction of the Philike Hetairia, a secret organization of Greek nationalists, urged its leader Alexander Ypsilantis to spearhead a revolt in the Rumanian Principalities in the hope of overthrowing Ottoman rule and winning the Greeks their independence.
In 1821, its leader, Alexander Ypsilantis, led a group of soldiers into Moldova to spark the uprising.
Petros Ypsilantis, (1) Maria Lambropoulou, (2) Antonios Evagellou, (1) Nikolaos Papadopoulos, (2) and Constantinos Simopoulos (1)
Ypsilantis et al., "Effect of probiotic-fermented milk administration on gastrointestinal survival of Lactobacillus casei ATCC 393 and modulation of intestinal microbial flora," Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol.
In the few animal studies reported on this subject so far, propofol showed little evidence of tolerance to its sedating effects or withdrawal signs on abrupt cessation (Ypsilantis et al.