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McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also iyr, zhir), a general term for songs among a number of Turkic peoples. Among the Kumyks in Dagestan, iyr is the name given to men’s songs of a declamatory type performed improvisationally by skaziteli (singers of epic folk songs) called iyrchi.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


On drawings, abbr. for “year.”
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.