Eugène Ysaye

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Ysaye, Eugène

 

Born July 16, 1858, in Liège; died May 12, 1931, in Brussels. Belgian violinist and composer.

Ysaye studied under H. Vieuxtemps and H. Wieniawski. From 1879 to 1883 he was the concertmaster of the symphonic orchestra of B. Bilse in Berlin. He was greatly influenced by A. G. Rubinstein, with whom he toured Norway and Sweden in 1881. Ysaye made a concert tour of Russia in 1882 and 1883, performing there almost annually until 1912. He became a professor at the Brussels Conservatory in 1886. He founded a string quartet and the symphonic society Ysaye Concerts and served as their conductor from 1894. Ysaye was well-known for his interpretations of classical works and of contemporary French and Belgian music. He wrote compositions for violin (including six sonatas for solo violin) and the opera Peter the Miner (premiere 1927). He also did musical transcription and editing. The Eugene Ysaye International Competitions for violinists (1937) and pianists (1938) were held in Brussels.

REFERENCE

Ginzburg, L. Ezhen Izai. Moscow, 1959.
References in classic literature ?
"When there are all the autumn exhibitions, and Ysaye playing in the afternoon!
Exceptional music documents of all periods will be on exhibition, including a manuscript by Tinctoris' (end of the 15th century), a volume of Cavalcanti's music, or some autographs of Vieuxtemps and Ysaye. This space will welcome on 16th July a number of IAML guests, in the framework of the "Brussels day"-IAML Antwerp, in which the Brussels Conservatory and the Music Instruments Museum (MIM) take part too.
22 Saint-Saens Concerto for Violoncello and 2/16/1931 Orchestra Saint-Saens Carnival of the Animals* 12/11/1932 Saint-Saens- Caprice d'apres L'etude en forme de 1/14/1934 Ysaye valse de Saint-Saens Salta, Menotti Four Characteristic Dances 10/16/1939 Sanjuan, Pedro Liturgia negra (Afro-Cuban Suite) 10/5/1945 Sargent, Paul Joy Ride (songs with piano) 10/6/1944 Satie Gymnopedies I and II (orchestrated by 11/10/1943 Debussy) (New Grove 2 indicates that I and III were orchestrated by Debussy) Scarlatti- Aria 12/11/1940 Aschenbrenner Schreker, Franz Suite, The Birthday of the Infanta 11/13/1944 (after Oscar Wilde) Schubert Symphony no.
10 Common-Sense Ways to Restore Their Natural Zest and Confidence Valissa Willwerth A Wolf in Sheep's Clothing: The Alliance of Bach with the Dies irae in Ysaye's Solo Sonata for Violin No.
He fled Spain at the outset of the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) and accepted an invitation to be a member of the jury of the first Concours Eugene Ysaye (1937).
Most writers, taking their cues from Debussy's early biographer Leon Vallas and from more or less vague clues in Debussy's published correspondence, assume that what Debussy referred to in 1892 as Trois scenes au crepuscule, based on poems by Henri de Regnier, was an early version of the Nocturnes, and that a violin concerto for Eugene Ysaye that Debussy claimed to have "nearly finished" was a later manifestation.
Saxe: L Wynn, Charlotte Williams: L Wynne, Edith: L (2) Yates, Edmund H.: L (5) Yorke, Alexander Grantham: L (3) Yorke, Eliot C.: L (2) Young, Charles Mayne: L Young, Thomas Russell: L Ysaye, Eugene: AM, L (6), MSS (2) Zandonai, Riccardo: L Zanella, Amilcare: L Zeisler, Fannie: L (3), MS Zeiss, Charles: L Zellner, Leopold Alexander: L Zelter, Carl Friedrich: L (2), MSS (2) Zemlinsky, Alexander: L, MSS (A 1, C 2) Zenger, Max: L Zichy, Geza: L Ziehrer, C.
His cantata Andromede did not win - in disgust Lekeu refused to attend the awards ceremony - but at a later concert performance attracted the attention of the violinist Eugene Ysaye, who promptly commissioned the Violin Sonata.
Important schools of violin-playing (Henry Vieuxtemps, Eugene Ysaye) and composition (Cesar Franck) developed there during the nineteenth century.
By far the most important primary source employed by Knight is the extensive collection of Loeffler's correspondence with Elise Fay (his fiancee and later his wife) and friends such as Pablo Casals, Eugene Ysaye, George Gershwin, Gabriel Faure, Carl Engel, and Oscar Sonneck.
They offer a sophisticated program of sonatas by Leclaire, Debussy, Ysaye and Strauss.
The Venice Baroque Orchestra plays a concert of early music favourites including Vivaldi's "Four Seasons." Violinist Christian Tetzlaff performs a creative program (Bach, Kurtag, Bartok, Belgian composer/conductor Eugene-Auguste Ysaye) within the intimate confines of the Eglise de la Purification and pianist Marc-Andre Hamelin plays both Brahms piano concertos in a concert led by Nezet-Seguin with the Orchestre Metropolitain.