Yukio Mishima


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Mishima, Yukio

(yo͞o`kēō mĭsh`ēmä), 1925–70, Japanese author, b. Tokyo. His original name was Kimitake Hiraoka and he was born into a samurai family. Mishima wrote novels, short stories, essays, and plays. He appeared on stage in some of his plays as well as directing and starring in films. During World War II he worked in an aircraft factory. Upon graduation (1947) from Tokyo Univ., he served a brief time in the finance ministry before devoting himself entirely to writing. Mishima and the youthful members of his Tatenokai [Shield Society] practiced physical fitness and the ancient arts of the samurai, e.g., karate and swordsmanship, attempting to return to the ideals of Japan under Imperial rule. His tetralogy The Sea of Fertility traces the fading of the old Japan in the first decade of the 20th cent. and continues through the aftermath of World War II. The individual novels of this group are: Spring Snow (tr. 1972), Runaway Horses (tr. 1973), The Temple of Dawn (tr. 1973), and The Decay of the Angel (tr. 1974). Other important novels include the semiautobiographical Confessions of a Mask (1949; tr. 1958); The Sound of Waves (1954; tr. 1956), a simple love story of a boy and girl in a Japanese fishing village; The Temple of the Golden Pavilion (1956; tr. 1963), a brilliant depiction of a psychopathic monk who destroys the temple he loves; After the Banquet (1960; tr. 1963), the story of a successful businesswoman who marries an aging politician and attempts to restore his former glory; and the allegorical tale The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea (1963; tr. 1965). All contain paradoxes: beauty equated with violence and death; the yearning for love and its rejection when offered; plus an exquisite attention to detail in the delineation of character. After an unsuccessful demonstration in which he harangued the Japanese self-defense forces for their lack of power under the Japanese constitution, Mishima committed ritual suicide (seppuku).

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Nathan (1974) and H. S. Stokes (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
Whether it is Art Spiegelman toiling away atop a mountain of corpses, Maya Angelou being turned away by the dentist, Yukio Mishima's seppuku or Gandhi's experiments; it is always the lived, embodied detail that traces the path to the revealing.
El unico rasgo de presencia de "inspiracion erotica" a la manera japonesa (31) aparece en el apartado de la novela nombrado "Tantalia", cuando los personajes despues de acostumbrarse a leer en voz alta, el narrador nos menciona que El pabellon de oro de Yukio Mishima es una fuente de inspiracion.
Para muchos, el mas dotado de los escritores japoneses del siglo XX, como incluso lo reconocio su mayor Yasunari Kawabata cuando se hizo acreedor este ultimo al Premio Nobel de Literatura en 1968, se entiende por que las nuevas generaciones de lectores poco o nada se identifiquen con el, pues un escritor como Yukio Mishima pareciera ya no tener cabida dentro de un mercado literario preferentemente sensible a historias lineales y convencionales, plagadas de cliches y estereotipos.
At least that is the story as told by Japanese author Yukio Mishima in his book The Temple of the Golden Pavilion.
Pleading in the Blood: The Art and Performances of Ron Athey is a beautifully illustrated catalogue raisonne in which Athey's extensive oeuvre is analyzed, placing him alongside Jean Genet, Antonin Artaud and Yukio Mishima, as well as contemporary art-world figures Chris Burden and Bob Flanagan.
PERSONA: A BIOGRAPHY OF YUKIO MISHIMA provides a powerful in-depth biography that tells of a brilliant Japanese writer who committed a public and spectacular suicide in downtown Tokyo in 1970.
Mencken, Antonin Artaud, Stefan George, and Yukio Mishima. Throughout the emperor's Nachleban (reception), critical source analyses yielded to imagination; the "historical" Elagabalus was subsumed by representations showing him, for example, "as a crowned anarchist, a gay 'Oriental,' or a new, 'unarmoured' type of man" admired for his courage "to rebel against a society which refuses to accept him" (213).
Yukio Mishima, who also wrote on homoeroticism and formed a close friendship with the author, writes in the Japanese edition that the search for a father is the main focus of Takahashi's autobiography.
Previous productions include the English-language premiere of Yoroboshi' by Yukio Mishima and Dr Brown Because, the first outing of American clown Philip Burgers.
Prize-winning Japanese author and vice governor of Tokyo Naoki Inose presents Persona: A Biography of Yukio Mishima (the pen name of Kimitake Hiraoka, 1925-1970), superbly translated into English by award-winning translator Hiroaki Sato.
An extension of helmer Koji Wakamatsu's ongoing examination of political extremism in Japan, "11/25 The Day Mishima Chose His Own Fate" reps an attempt to understand the ultra-nationalist ideology that prompted novelist Yukio Mishima's failed coup and subsequent seppuku in 1970.
Glass' score for Paul Schrader's mosaic biopic Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters examines the life of a major public personality, Japanese author Yukio Mishima. The score, written for string orchestra and percussion and recorded by the Kronos Quartet, mingles husky cellos with brittle, marching snares and tornado violin swirls.