Zénobe Théophile Gramme

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gramme, Zénobe Théophile


Born Apr. 4, 1826, in Jehay-Bodegnée, Belgium; died Jan. 20, 1901, in Bois-Colombes, France. Belgian electrical engineer.

Gramme worked in France. In 1869 he patented a design of a ring armature that allowed the reception of electromotive force and current of constant direction. In 1870 he organized the Society for Production of Gramme’s Magneto-electrical Machines, which manufactured electrical machines of various types with a ring armature. In 1871 he presented the first dynamo to the Academy of Sciences in Paris.


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Bel’kind, L. D., I. Ia. Konfederatov. and Ia. A. Shneiberg. Istoriia tekhniki. Moscow-Leningrad. 1956.
Pelseneer. J. Zénobe Gramme. Brussells. 1944.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.