Confidence intervals evaluating changes from baseline in annualized growth velocity, Z-scores
, and upper-to-lower body segment ratio were considered descriptive and no adjustment for multiplicity was made.
Body mass index (kg [m.sup.-2]) and body mass index z-scores
(BMI-z) were calculated.
were not normally distributed; therefore, non-parametric tests were used.
indicate the number of standard deviations below or above the population mean.
The T- and Z-scores
were lower in the RF-positive group than in the RF-negative group.
According to the definition by International Society of Clinical Densitometry from 2008, these patients having Z-scores
below -2 SD, between -1 and -2 SD, and above -1 SD were accepted as low (osteoporosis), decreased (osteopenia), and normal respectively Z-scores
were classified as <- 1 (pathological) and >- 1 (normal) when statistical analyses were done .
But companies that have Z-scores
of 2.99 and above are regarded as financially healthy while those that fall in between 1.81 and 2.99 are the companies that warrant further research.
Previously, it was reported that the median BMI z-scores
were positive for men and for early childhood and decreased with age .
The dependent variable consisted of z-scores
representing an unweighted average of square and quadrant hits.
Second, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) or Brown-Forsyth tests were used to assess differences in the mean z-scores
for height-for-age and BMI-for-age.
for BMD, both for chronological age (CA) and BA were calculated according to BMD reference data for healthy Turkish children (8).
BMI and BMI z-scores
were determined by using age- and sex-specific reference data from the WHO.