(4) ZANU(PF) was one of the country's two liberation movements, the other--and older--being the Zimbabwean African People's Union (ZAPU
Among the issues to be silent on include the atrocities committed against blacks by the colonial regime, the role played by ZAPU
and the Ndebele in Zimbabwe's liberation war, the divisions which characterised the liberation movements and, more recently, the disturbances in Matabeleland and the Midlands provinces during the first seven years of independence in Zimbabwe.
En 1976, bajo presiones internacionales, sobre todo de gobiernos africanos, la ZAPU
(bajo el liderazgo de Joshua Nkomo) y la ZANU acordaron una plataforma de colaboracion, que nunca fue completa, denominada Frente Patriotico, cuyas siglas en ingles, PF, fueron agregadas a su nombre original.
(43) A future ZAPU
adherent, political activist, and Rhodesian prisoner, Dizha narrated how his observation of colonial land policies in his rural home of Seke shaped his ideas about white minority rule in Rhodesia.
These were won by ZAPU
, which changed the country's name to Zimbabwe.
Blacks represented at the Geneva meeting included ZAPU
leader Joshua Nkomo, ZANU leader Robert Mugabe, United African National Council (UANC) chairman bishop Abel Muzorewa, and former ZANU leader Rev.
(11.) Some ethnic-NSAs were involved in many crises over time, e.g., the Popular Front for the Liberation of Western Sahara (Polisario) which participated in 10 international crises from 1973 to 1989, and the Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU
) and its armed wing, the Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army (ZIPRA), which struggled against the white colonial government in Rhodesia, through 7 crises between the years 1973 and 1983.
During the nationalist struggle against the white-led regime, Mugabe participated in a revolt against the leadership of Joshua Nkomo of the Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU
) to form the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU).
Phizo took a leading role in this revolt, which however was suppressed by the Government of India.
A 5a Brigada do ZANLA (Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army), exercito do ZANU, treinada pela Coreia do Norte, se lancou contra a populacao de Matabelelandia, local onde o ZAPU
, Uniao Africana do Povo do Zimbabue, entao principal oposicao ao ZANU, era majoritario.
"We only woke up at the signing of the agreement between the two major political parties in 1987, when ZAPU
from Matabeleland was almost literally swallowed by ZANU, it was not a genuine unity.
This approach would take as its inspiration ZANU's absorption of Joshua Nkomo's ZAPU
in the 1980s.