La principal fuente de conflicto politico surgio de la rivalidad por el poder del Estado entre los dos grandes partidos politicos (ZAPU
y ZANU) y sus respectivos brazos armados: el factor decisivo para comprender la historia de la ZAPU
en el periodo independiente fue la violencia estatal.
In fact, Dizha became an important political activist for ZAPU
, as he later became one of the leading African saboteurs in Salisbury, orchestrating a series of petrol-bombing acts targeted at state infrastructure.
ZANU adopted a Maoist strategy of popular struggle based in the politicization of the rural masses, while ZAPU
adopted a more conventional military strategy and was closer to die Soviet Union than to China.
A former Zipra commander in charge of logistics who then became a politician, diplomat, and businessman, Mphoko's rise to the presidium in December 2014 was not without controversy, as his former colleagues from the ZAPU
side of Zanu-PF wanted Khaya-Moyo instead.
His biases for ZANLA and ZANU and against ZIPRA and ZAPU
are, however, hard to miss, with such definitive declarations as "ZIPRA's strategy lacked a grasp of the basic principles of a guerrilla strategy which the civilian Mugabe seems to have understood much better" (Sadomba 30).
Sibanda was part of the ZAPU
legal team at the constitutional conferences in Geneva and London in 1976 and 1979 respectively.
Political rivalry has continued after the country gained independence in 1980, as evident in the conflict between ZANU-PF and ZAPU
(1980-1987), and ZANU-PF and the two formations of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) since 1999.
In the post-1980 period and particularly at the height of tension between ZANU and ZAPU
(the two most active parties during liberation war) prior to the unity accord of 1987, the distinction between their respective former military wings ZANLA and ZIPRA mattered.
His novel, Ngenziwa Ngumumo Welizwe (I was influenced by the political situation), is "inspired by one serious dimension of the ZAPU
side of the war, namely, its emphasis on recruitment of personnel in preparation for a conventional war against colonialism" (Chiwome & Mguni, 2003:139).
Kaunda allowed several African liberation fronts such as ZAPU
and ZANU of Rhodesia and African National Congress to set up headquarters in Zambia.
Witness what happened when the late Joshua Nkomo, who led the other nationalist liberation wing ZAPU
during the war of independence, was invited to join a 'popular front' government of national unity as vice-president.
In Blantyre, a representative of the Zimbabwe African National Union - Rhodesian African national rival party to ZAPU
- said, "If Mr Wilson does not take arms to stamp out this rebellion, the Africans will have to take up arms themselves.