Great Zab

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Great Zab

 

a river in eastern Turkey and Iraq; left tributary of the Tigris. Length, 473 km; basin area, 26,200 sq km. It rises in the western spurs of the Qutur Range and flows out into the Kurdistan plain. It is fed by mountain snow and rain. High water is in April and May; low water, in summer and autumn. The average discharge at the mouth is about 403 cu m per sec. There is a reservoir. The Great Zab is used for irrigation. The cities of Zibar, Kelek, and Quwair (Iraq) are located along the river.

References in periodicals archive ?
The source said that the F-16 aircraft of the Iraqi air force carried out strikes targeted Daash sites near Hawija, 55 kilometers west of Kirkuk, and destroyed completely a bridge passed the river on the Zab River, 95 km west of Kirkuk, used by Daash for the transfer of components between the Syrian city of al-Raqa through Mosul to Sharqat and the outskirts of Baiji and Hawijah and areas west and south of Kirkuk, and the delivery of supplies to them.
The IS bandits have continued to attack the area nonetheless, including in a surprise offensive last month when they used boats to cross the Zab River and killed at least 26 members of the Kurdish security forces.
Located in a valley on the northern bank of the lower Zab River, the city's remains are now part of a mound created by human occupation called a tell, which rises about 32 feet above the surrounding plain.
Within hours of the attacks, in which 18 Turks were also wounded, some 500 Turkish commandos and other troops, some dropped by helicopter, were in "hot pursuit" up to 8 km (5 miles) across the Iraqi border and helicopter gunships and other aircraft were striking PKK bases on the Zab river, security sources in the regional centre of Diyarbakir said.
When the victim's relatives failed to pay the ransom, the gang killed him and threw his body in Kirkuk's Zab River," Qader said, adding that the body was picked up from the river south of Kirkuk and handed it to his relatives.
Specialists believe it was an ancient city probably located near the upper Great Zab River between Lake Urumiyeh and Lake Van in Anatolia.
Iraqi soldiers struggled to hold control of the village of Khazer a day after withdrawing about six miles from vast fortifications overlooking Kurdish-held Kalak, which includes two bridges crossing the wide Great Zab River.
17, Talabani used those arms to start the latest round of fighting, launching an attack on hamlets in the mountains controlled by the Kurdistan Democratic Party and pushing their rivals westward toward the Great Zab River.
However, unfortunately in the Hamdaniya villages, on the west coast of the Greater Zab River, which has a large Kakayee community, the situations are very bad and there is no Kakayee left in there and life has completely stopped due to the threats by the ISIS,?
He told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / that what reaches us today from the water by Kirkuk irrigation project arriving to the district, which depends on the Lower Zab river, via Dokan dam between 25 to 30 cubic meters per second that covers only the actual need for drinking water for the city of Kirkuk, and what reaches al-Tuz south of Kirkuk very little.
Abdulla Mohammed, Erbil's Environment Director, says that Khabat River, a branch of the Greater Zab River, had 223 cubic meter of water per second in 2002 but this has lowered to 90 cubic meters in 2011.
Mandawa, on the Greater Zab River will have a capacity of 200 million cubic meters, and Bardasoor on the Sirwan River will have a 150 million cubic meter capacity.