Zaghlul Pasha, Saad

Zaghlul Pasha, Saad

(säd zäglo͞ol` päshä`), c.1850–1927, Egyptian nationalist leader, founder of the WafdWafd
, in modern Egyptian history, a political party. It arose out of the delegation [Arabic wafd=delegation] headed by Zaghlul Pasha that was to have visited Great Britain in 1918 to urge Egypt's independence. Zaghlul formed the party in 1919.
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 party. He suffered both arrest (1882) and exile (1919) for his attempts to end foreign domination in Egypt. Having founded (1919) the Wafd party, he became premier in 1924, but the opposition of Great Britain and the Egyptian court soon forced him to resign. The last year of his life he served as president of the Egyptian parliament.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zaghlul Pasha, Saad

 

Born July 1857; died Aug. 23, 1927, in Cairo. Egyptian statesman and politician, founder and first chairman of the Wafd Party.

After graduating from the Islamic al-Azhar University, Zaghlul Pasha took part in the national liberation movement from 1879 to 1882. Between 1906 and 1912 he was first the minister of education and then minister of justice. He was the first vice-president of the Legislative Assembly (1914). In 1918 he headed the movement for total Egyptian independence. He was exiled twice, in 1919 and from 1921 to 1923. From January to November 1924 he served as prime minister and in 1926 and 1927 as chairman of the Chamber of Deputies.

REFERENCE

Aqqad, Mahmud Abbas al-. Saad Zaghlul. Cairo, 1936.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.