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Sergiyev Posad

Sergiyev Posad (syĕrˈgēyĭf pōsädˈ), formerly Zagorsk (zəgôrskˈ), city (1989 pop. 115,000), central European Russia. It is a rail terminus and a handicraft center known for wood carvings and toys. Manufactures include farm machinery, lacquers and paints, textiles, and furniture. The city developed from a settlement around the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra, one of Russia's most famous monasteries (founded 1340). The original wooden church, built by the monk Sergius, was destroyed in a Tatar raid in 1391. The Lavra contains the Troitski Cathedral (15th cent.); the Uspenski Cathedral (16th cent.), with the tomb of Boris Godunov; and a treasure chamber with rich tapestries and many objects of liturgical art. The monastery, long a place of pilgrimage, was made into a museum in 1920, but since 1988 has been the scene of increasing religious activity.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(until 1930, Sergiev), a city in Moscow Oblast, RSFSR. Zagorsk has a railroad station 70 km northeast of Moscow. Population, 94,000 in 1971 (45,000 in 1939).

Zagorsk had as its historical nucleus the St. Sergius Trinity Monastery (which now houses a historical art museum). Beginning in the 14th century, villages and slobody (taxexempt settlements) arose around it where trade and popular handicraft industry, mainly the carving of wooden art objects and the making of wooden toys, developed as a result of the influx of pilgrims. In 1782 the Sergiev posad (suburb) was formed from three neighboring slobody that were known collectively as Kukuev; in 1792 development according to a regular plan was begun, with buildings constructed in the classical style. In 1919, Sergiev posad became the city of Sergiev (officially confirmed in 1925); it was renamed in 1930 in honor of the revolutionary V. M. Zagorskii.

Factories in Zagorsk produce electromechanical equipment, lacquers and paints, optical equipment, building materials, knitted goods, and furniture. The town has livestock and film technicums, as well as an arts and crafts school for the production of toys, the Scientific Research Institute for Toys, and the Museum of Toys. In the Soviet era a new public administration center has been constructed. There is a monument to V. I. Lenin (bronze, 1925; S. D. Merkurov, sculptor; D. P. Osipov, architect). The Moscow Theological Academy and Seminary is located here.


Baldin, V. I.Zagorsk. Moscow, 1958.
Baldin, V. I. Zagorskii istoriko-khudozhestvennyi muzei-zapovednik. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is manufactured by the Zagorsk Optical Mechanical Plant and is offered for installation on business jets.
At the time, he lived in the small town of Zagorsk (Sergiev Posad) near Moscow, keeping a rural household with his wife, Efrosiniia Pavlovna Smogaleva (a peasant whom he taught to read and write).
Este ultimo es considerado el gran santo y constructor de la nacion rusa; al norte de Moscu dirigio la abadia de Zagorsk, influyente espacio religioso, economico y politico de la region.
LEADING PAINT INDUSTRY PLAYERS OTHER EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES COUNTRY COMPANIES BULGARIA Megachim, Lakprom, Orgachim (Policolor, Romania), INSA, Karbochim CROATIA Chromos (Helios, Slovakia), Hempel, Svetlost, Karbon ROMANIA Kober, Policolor, Dufa Romania (Meffert, Germany), Azur Sinteza RUSSIA Finncolor (Tikkurila), Kraski Tikkurila (Tikkurila), Akzo Nobel Coatings, Lakokraska, Empils, Russkie Kraski, Cherkessk Paint Plant, Zagorsk Paint Plant, Pigment, Odilak, Kotovsk SERBIA- MONTENEGRO Duda, Zvezda (Helios, Slovenia), Suko, Sorka Boje UKRAINE Dnepropetrovsk Paint Plant Lomonosov, Lakma, Elaks, Gallak, Polimer, Sniezka Ukraina (Sniezka, Poland), Meffert Hansa (Meffert, Germany) Source: author's compilation TABLE 5.
David Willis and Osipov of Zagorsk; and Helmut Esser and Koiev and Chukalov.
Petersburg to such places as Petrodvorets with its landscaped gardens, fountains, and parks; to Pushkin's home outside of Moscow; or to Zagorsk near Moscow where the historical role of the Russian Orthodox Church can be recognized.
(66) They are the Institute of Virology at Sergeyev Posad (formerly Zagorsk), the Center for Military Technical Problems of Biodefense in Ekaterinaburg (formerly Sverdlovsk), the Kirov Institute of Microbiology in Kirov, and the Kirov-200 Institute in Strizhi.
7 piece Zagorsk Russian doll set, pounds 47.25 from
Highlights are heard in Ethiopia, where the Coptic tradition marries Arabic, Hebrew and Christian modalities, and in the unheated monasteries of Zagorsk, where Slavic peasant women sing like seraphim and transport the listener to a faraway, snow-blanketed time.
There is a wonderful collection of icons in Zagorsk in Russia, for example.
5pm Choral Evensong, Introit: Gospodi Pomiluy - Zagorsk melody, Responses - Plai nsong, Byrd Second Service, Like as the hart - Howells.