Zagros Mountains


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Related to Zagros Mountains: Anatolian Plateau

Zagros Mountains

 

a mountain system in Iran, to the southwest of the Iranian Plateau. The mountains are about 1,600 km long and 200-300 km wide; elevations of 2,000- 3,000 m predominate, with a maximum of 4,548 m (Zardeh Kuh). It is complex system of 15-20 parallel ridges running from the northwest to the southeast and separated by longitudinal and transversal canyon-like ravines (tangi) and hollows. The mountains are formed primarily of limestone and shale of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic periods; karst has developed. In the central section and to the southeast a pre-Mesozoic bed with large salt domes has been exposed. There are deposits of oil. The climate is dry and subtropical; mountain desert landscapes predominate. In the central belt of the western, wettest part of the Zagros there are forests and sparse stands of oak, elm, maple, and acacia; higher, there are alpine meadows and dwarfed shrubby vegetation.There are small glaciers. In the intermontane hollows there are salt marshes, lakes, and oases with date palms, citrus trees, and grapevines.

References in periodicals archive ?
n The Zagros Mountains of Iran and Turkey are known as one of the most seismically active areas in the world.n Earthquakes are common occurrences in the Makran fault, close to the borders of the Arabian Gulf region, and where earthquakes as large as magnitude 8 (in Richter scale) could occur.
Traditional forest management and its application to encourage public participation for sustainable forest management in the northern Zagros mountain of Kurdistan province, Iran.
Fold evolution and drainage development in the Zagros mountains of Fars province, SE Iran.
LONG WAY TO GO--Leon McCarron started out on foot (above) at the headwaters of the Karun deep in the snowy Zagros Mountains. Eventually, the river became big enough that he could kayak (below).
About five years ago, archaeologist Nicholas Conard and archaeobotanist Simone Riehl of the University of Tubingen in Germany hooked up with researchers at the Iranian Center for Archaeological Research (ICAR) in Tehran, and particularly Mohsen Zeidi, an experienced ICAR excavator, to begin work at the early farming village of Chogha Golan, in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains.
Iran is planning a dam on the Bakhtiari River in a valley in the Zagros mountains between Lorestan and Khuzestan provinces.
The Zagros Mountains in Iran is a part of the Alpine--Himalayan Orogenic belt with the northwest-southeast trending (Fig.
The tribes of Hindukush and those of Zagros mountains need special mention here.
Iran's Aseman Airlines was ordered to ground its fleet of ATR planes in February after one of them crashed in the Zagros mountains, killing all 66 people onboard.
'Oman experiences earthquakes due to continued seismic activities in the Makran belt and the Zagros Mountains in Iran.'
The wreckage of the turkish private jet that crashed on sunday in the Zagros Mountains.-AP