Zagros Mountains


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Zagros Mountains

 

a mountain system in Iran, to the southwest of the Iranian Plateau. The mountains are about 1,600 km long and 200-300 km wide; elevations of 2,000- 3,000 m predominate, with a maximum of 4,548 m (Zardeh Kuh). It is complex system of 15-20 parallel ridges running from the northwest to the southeast and separated by longitudinal and transversal canyon-like ravines (tangi) and hollows. The mountains are formed primarily of limestone and shale of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic periods; karst has developed. In the central section and to the southeast a pre-Mesozoic bed with large salt domes has been exposed. There are deposits of oil. The climate is dry and subtropical; mountain desert landscapes predominate. In the central belt of the western, wettest part of the Zagros there are forests and sparse stands of oak, elm, maple, and acacia; higher, there are alpine meadows and dwarfed shrubby vegetation.There are small glaciers. In the intermontane hollows there are salt marshes, lakes, and oases with date palms, citrus trees, and grapevines.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to a report by Iran's state-run Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) on Monday, rescue teams located the aircraft's flight recorder from the crash site in the Zagros Mountains, about 370km south of Iran's capital, Tehran.
TEHRAN: The hunt for a plane that disappeared with 65 people onboard in Iran's Zagros mountains was stopped until morning as blizzard conditions made progress impossible for rescue teams, state television said Sunday.
AP) CAIRO: The Iranian town of Doroud should be a prosperous place - nestled in a valley at the junction of two rivers in the Zagros Mountains, it's in an area rich in metals to be mined and stone to be quarried.
The hikers were among a group of 14 from Mashhad along with a local guide who were trapped by the avalanche last Thursday while climbing in the Zagros Mountains in Lorestan Province.
3 earthquake which is an almost entirely Kurdish province nestled in the Zagros Mountains that run along the border with Iraq, suffered all of Iran's fatalities from the temblor Sunday night that shook 14 of the country's 31 provinces.
The quake's worst damage appeared to be in the town of Sarpole-Zahab in Kermanshah province, which sits in the Zagros Mountains that divide Iran and Iraq.
This book combines evidence from archaeology, paleobotany, and ethnographic data to offer a portrait of the socio-political organization and day-to-day life of farming and herding peoples of the Zagros Mountains of Western Iran in the 1st millennium, including the Medes, the Manneans, and the Cosseans.
More intriguingly, it is in these same villages within the foothills and passes of the Zagros Mountains, which divide the lowlands of Mesopotamia from the high plateau of Iran, that stamp seals were engraved with some of the earliest known representations of a supernatural figure: a being that combines a human body and the head of an animal with long, curved ibex horns.
Sat in a large limestone cave within the Zagros mountains, several miles outside of the city, the nearly seven-metre tall statue was carved out of a single stalagmite, with great care and attention paid to the details of his features and omate attire.
Appraisal of relative tectonic activity along the Kazerun Fault Zone, Zagros Mountains, Iran: insight from spatial analysis of geomorphic indices.
He completes his life story with brief descriptions of his other surveys between trips to the ice--to the Libyan Sahara Desert, the Zagros Mountains of Iran, and the Interior Plateau of British Columbia--as well as holiday rambles elsewhere, including his journey to the Antarctic Peninsula as a cruise ship guide.
24 July 2016 - 12:27 Foreigner Visitors of Shush Cultural Heritage of Iran Had Dramatically Climbed Shush is located in the lower Zagros Mountains of Iran about 250 km (160 mi) Saeed Dinarvand said that the tourists visited monuments including Shush Castle and museum, Apadana, Shahr-e-Shahi, Acropole, Haft Tepe museum, Chogha Zanbil and Tomb of Daniel.