Zagros Mountains

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zagros Mountains

 

a mountain system in Iran, to the southwest of the Iranian Plateau. The mountains are about 1,600 km long and 200-300 km wide; elevations of 2,000- 3,000 m predominate, with a maximum of 4,548 m (Zardeh Kuh). It is complex system of 15-20 parallel ridges running from the northwest to the southeast and separated by longitudinal and transversal canyon-like ravines (tangi) and hollows. The mountains are formed primarily of limestone and shale of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic periods; karst has developed. In the central section and to the southeast a pre-Mesozoic bed with large salt domes has been exposed. There are deposits of oil. The climate is dry and subtropical; mountain desert landscapes predominate. In the central belt of the western, wettest part of the Zagros there are forests and sparse stands of oak, elm, maple, and acacia; higher, there are alpine meadows and dwarfed shrubby vegetation.There are small glaciers. In the intermontane hollows there are salt marshes, lakes, and oases with date palms, citrus trees, and grapevines.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The two haplotypes obtained from the type locality in Zard Kuh (the Zagros Mts., Western Iran) nested with reference samples of C.