Zagros Mountains

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Zagros Mountains

 

a mountain system in Iran, to the southwest of the Iranian Plateau. The mountains are about 1,600 km long and 200-300 km wide; elevations of 2,000- 3,000 m predominate, with a maximum of 4,548 m (Zardeh Kuh). It is complex system of 15-20 parallel ridges running from the northwest to the southeast and separated by longitudinal and transversal canyon-like ravines (tangi) and hollows. The mountains are formed primarily of limestone and shale of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic periods; karst has developed. In the central section and to the southeast a pre-Mesozoic bed with large salt domes has been exposed. There are deposits of oil. The climate is dry and subtropical; mountain desert landscapes predominate. In the central belt of the western, wettest part of the Zagros there are forests and sparse stands of oak, elm, maple, and acacia; higher, there are alpine meadows and dwarfed shrubby vegetation.There are small glaciers. In the intermontane hollows there are salt marshes, lakes, and oases with date palms, citrus trees, and grapevines.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the Zagros Mountains, especially in the northern areas, the territory of Kurdish people, this kind of conventional ownership and relationships between humans and nature are extremely strong [7].
Experimental modelling of the role of gravity and lateral shortening in Zagros mountain belt.
The studied area that has been located in longitude 52[degrees]00' 05" to 52[degrees]34' 02" and latitude 29[degrees] 26' 11" to 29[degrees]38' 06", is part of Zagros mountain system (fig.1).
Covering divider method applied in this work to calculate the texture of topography within a region of the Zagros Mountain of Iran.
clinopodioides collected hydro-distilled essential oils from Zagros Mountain ranges, Kermanshah province, west of Iran by GC-MS and the effect of Z.
Seismological constraints on the crustal structure beneath the Zagros mountain Belt (Iran), Geophysical Journal International.155, 403-410.
Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran).
Among their topics are seismic imaging of the lithosphere structure of the Zagros mountain belt, new magnetic fabric data and their comparison with palaeo-stress markers in the Western Fars Arc and their tectonic implications, insights from sand box models on the structure of the Mountain Front Flexure along the Anaran anticline in the Pusht-e Kuh Arc, the influence of Late Cretaceous tectonic processes on sedimentation patterns along the northeastern Arabian plate margin, and spatial and temporal diagenetic evolution of syntectonic sediments in a pulsatory uplifted coastal escarpment as revealed in the Plio-Pleistocene Makran subduction zone.
It disappeared off radar screens southwest of the destination city, which lies east of the Zagros mountain range running along the border with Iraq.
Mountaineers belonging to the search teams have reportedly said they found the black box and shown photos of two pieces of the wreckage of the plane that crashed a fortnight ago on Mount Dena in Zagros Mountain range, southwest Iran.
The NCMS noted that the "most important resources" of strong seismic activities take place outside the country, particularly in Zagros mountain range in south Iran and Makran seismic fault in south Pakistan.
Eng Mohammad Mashroum, director of survey department, Dubai Municipality, said these seismic activities happened in the seismic belt that extends north-west parallel to the Zagros mountain belt because of the collision of the Arabian and Eurasian tectonic plates.