Alatau

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Alatau

Alatau or Ala-Tau (both: äˈlätou) [Turkic,=mottled mountains], several ranges of the Tian Shan system in central Asia. The Alatau ranges are the Dzungarian, the Kungei, the Talas, the Terskei, and the Trans-Ili; all except the Talas Alatau rise to more than 16,000 ft (4,880 m). Generally forested, these ranges are chiefly inhabited by Turkic-speaking pastoral tribes. A variety of grains are grown. The Dzungarian Alatau, the northernmost and loftiest branch of the Tian Shan, forms part of the Kazakhstan-China border. Silver and lead mines and hot springs are found there (see Dzungaria). The Kungei Alatau lies N of Issyk Kul, a huge lake in the Tian Shan. The Trans-Ili Alatau, on the Kyrgyzstan-Kazakhstan border, supports intensive, irrigated agriculture; Almaty, the region's largest city, is in Kazakhstan on the northern slope.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Alatau

 

an urban-type settlement in Talgar Raion, Alma-Ata Oblast, Kazakh SSR. It is located 16 km northeast of Alma-Ata. The population in 1968 was 4,300.

Alatau was formed in 1958 as a scientists’ town around the Scientific Research Institute for Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR; an atomic reactor was set up in 1967.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.