Zaitsev, Mikhail

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zaitsev, Mikhail Mikhailovich


Born Aug. 30 (Sept. 9), 1845, in Kazan; died there Mar. 10 (23), 1904. Russian organic chemist. Brother of A. M. Zaitsev and student of A. M. Butlerov.

Between 1870 and 1872, Zaitsev worked out a method of reducing organic compounds with hydrogen in the presence of palladium and platinum black. He was the first to use the method of the hydrogenation of organic compounds in the liquid phase. He obtained the primary unsaturated tertiary alcohol allyldimethylcarbinol from allyl iodide by way of organozinc compounds. It was on the basis of Zaitsev’s work that his colleague S. A. Fokin in 1909–10 realized the first industrial hydrogenation of fats.


“Sintez i svoistva allildimetilkarbinola.”Zhurnal Russkogo fizikokhimicheskogo ob-va, 1876, vol. 8, issue 9, section 1. (With A. M. Zaitsev.)


“Pamiati Mikhaila Mikhailovicha Zaitseva.”Zhurnal Russkogo fiziko-khimicheskogo ob-va. Chast’ khimicheskaia, 1904, vol. 36, issue 4.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.