Zaleman, Karl

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zaleman, Karl Germanovich


Born Dec. 28, 1849 (Jan. 9, 1850), in Tallinn; died Nov. 30 (Dec. 13), 1916, in Petrograd. Russian philologist and Iranologist; academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1895); director of the Asiatic Museum of the Academy of Sciences (from 1890).

Zaleman’s works are devoted to Persian philology and re-search on the middle Iranian languages—Pahlavi and Sogdian (A Persian Grammar, in German, 1889; A Short Grammar of Modern Persian, 1890, both in collaboration with V. A. Zhukovskii; and Middle Persian, 1902). Zaleman made a great contribution to the study of Ossetic and the languages of the Pamiri (Shughni and Yaghnobi). He published texts (with commentaries) found at the beginning of the 20th century on the territory of Sinkiang (the series Manichaean Studies, 1908).


Persische Grammatik mil Literatur, Chrestomatie und Glossar, 4th ed. Leipzig, 1947.


Bartol’d, V. V. “Karl Germanovich Zaleman: 1849–1916.”Zapiski vostochnogo otdeleniia russkogo arkheologicheskogo obshchestva, 1917, vol. 24, pp. 257–58.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.