Zamenhof, Ludwig Lazar

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zamenhof, Ludwig Lazar


Born Dec. 15 (27), 1859, in Bialystok; died Apr. 14 (27), 1917, in Warsaw. Polish oculist; inventor of Esperanto.

Zamenhof studied in Warsaw, Moscow, and Vienna. In 1887 under the pseudonym D-ro Esperanto he published his plan for an artificial auxiliary international language, hoping that it would serve the cause of mutual understanding among peoples. He later published Esperanto dictionaries as well as anthologies and separate editions of his original works and of Esperanto translations of classics of world literature. In 1959–60, following a resolution by UNESCO, the 100th anniversary of Zamenhof ‘s birth was widely observed.


Memorlibro, eldonita okaze de la centjare datreveno de la naskiĝo de D-ro L. L. Zamenhof. Leipzig, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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