Zamość (zäˈmôstsyə), Rus. Zamostye, town (1993 pop. 63,500),Lubelskie prov., SE Poland, on the Łabuńką River. It is a commercial center, trading mainly in agricultural products. The town's chief industries are meat processing and the manufacture of furniture and clothing. Zamość was founded in 1579 by a Polish chancellor, Jan Zamojski, who also established a college there. The town defended itself against a Cossack invasion in 1648 and against the Swedish king Charles X in 1656. The city passed to Austria in 1772 and to Russia in 1815; it reverted to Poland after World War I.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a cityv in southeastern Poland, in Lublin Wojewodztwo. Population, 44,700 (1970). The main indus-tries are food-processing, including a meat combine and a refrigeration plant, metal working, and the manufacture of furniture and clothing.

Built between 1580 and 1650 according to the plan of the architect B. Morando, Zamosc has retained its regular Renaissance layout. The central market square is ringed by houses from the late 16th and early 17th century with sculpture decorations and arcades running the length of the first floor. Morando’s buildings include the town hall (1591, rebuilt in the 17th and 18th centuries) and the collegiate Roman Catholic church (1587–1600). The city’s fortress walls with their gates and bastions were built between the 16th and 19th centuries.

In the Soviet-Polish war of 1920, Zamosc (Russian, Zamost’e) was the site of fierce battles of the First Cavalry Army, which advanced from the L’vov region northward into the rear of the main attack force of the White Poles east of Warsaw. Although surrounded by superior enemy forces, the First Cavalry Army maintained its fighting capacity and broke through into the region of Hrubieszów.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
ZAMOSC, POLAND * There has not been a Jewish service in the Zamosc Synagogue since before the Holocaust.
Like most Eastern European towns off the beaten path, Zamosc still is conditioned by the seasons of rural life.