Messina(redirected from Zancle)
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a city and port in Italy, on the northeastern coast of Sicily, on the Strait of Messina. Population, 257,700 (1972). Next to Palermo, Messina is the largest and most economically important city in Sicily. It has chemical, fruit-canning, textile, ship-repair, and ship-building industries. Citrus fruits and canned fruits and vegetables are exported. Messina has a university, which was founded in 1548. Earthquakes frequently occur in the city.
Messina has churches built in the 12th and 13th centuries and a cathedral built from the 12th to 16th centuries; they have all been partially rebuilt in the 20th century. There also are 16th-century fountains. The city was founded as Zancle circa 730 B.C. by Greek colonists at the site of a settlement of the Siculi tribe. It was renamed Messana circa 493 B.C.
a city in the extreme north of the Republic of South Africa, in Transvaal Province. It is linked by railroad with Pretoria. Population, 12,500 (1967, estimate). Messina is an important South African center for the mining of copper ores. It was founded in 1904 after deposits of copper ores were discovered.