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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Pazande, the language of the Azande people, who inhabit the area between the Uele and Mbomu rivers in the Republic of Zaïre and the border regions of the Central African Republic and the Sudan. There are approximately 1.6 million speakers (1967, estimate).

The Zande sound system has eight vowels and 19 consonants. The length of the vowels sometimes has a lexical significance. Among consonants are the labiovelars: voiceless kp and voiced db. There are two different tones, which have grammatical, lexical, and syntactic significance. The tones characterize specific classes of words and are of great importance in the conjugation of verbs and in conveying case relations. There is no grammatical gender in nouns, but pronouns have four genders: masculine, feminine, animal, and inani-mate.


Tucker, A. N., and P. E. Hackett.Le Groupe linguistique Zande. Tervuren, 1959.(Annales du Muse’e Royal du Congo Beige, vol. 22.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Zande Group delivers premium, tailored commercial and personal insurance products and services to clients both in Illinois and throughout the United States.
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Didier Claes brings an ornate, anthropomorphic harp from the turn of the 20th century, carved by a Zande artist in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Van Der Zande et al., "Atomically thin p-n junctions with van der Waals heterointerfaces," Nature Nanotechnology, vol.
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Caption: Wigger with former teammate and endowment funding maestro Ernie Vande Zande (c.) and USA Shooting interim CEO Dave Johnson.
Xodus Group CEO, Wim van der Zande said, We are pleased to be supporting Cairn Oil and Gas in the pursuit of increasing discovered hydrocarbon resources in the Rajasthan block, which is of major significance to the country.
En general, el aumento del ruido ambiental por trafico tiende a provocar una disminucion tanto en la riqueza de especies de aves, como en sus tamanos poblacionales (Zande, Keurs, & Weijden, 1980; Reijnen, Foppen, & Veenbaas, 1997; Weiserbs & Jacob, 2001; Peris & Pescador, 2004; Slabbekoorn & Ripmeester, 2008).
need worry no more about Zande or supporters of apartheid or Arab or
For example, ancient cave paintings by the San people of Zimbabwe depict homosexuality, and Sudan's Zande tribe saw lesbianism practiced.
van der Zande et al., "Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts," Nature, vol.