Zander, Jonas Gustav Vilhelm

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zander, Jonas Gustav Vilhelm


Born Mar. 29, 1835, in Stockholm; died there June 17, 1920. Swedish physiotherapist; founder of mechanotherapy. Academician of the Swedish Academy of Sciences (1896).

Zander studied medicine at the University of Uppsala from 1855 to 1860. In 1865 he founded the world’s first medical institute of mechanotherapy for restoring the functions of joints and muscles after traumatic injuries and for treating metabolic disorders with active-passive exercises. Zander constructed various types of exercising apparatus whose action is based on the lever principle.


Om mediko-mekaniska institutet i Stockholm. Stockholm, 1872.
Die Apparate für mechanisch heilgymnastische Behandlung und deren Anwendung. Stockholm, 1886.


Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Arzte aller Zeiten und Völker, vol. 5. Berlin-Vienna, 1934.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.