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city (1990 pop. 26,778), seat of Muskingum co., central Ohio, on the Muskingum River at its junction with the Licking River; inc. 1815. It is a trade and industrial center that manufactures metal products, machinery, glassware, and electrical equipment. The area has deposits of clay, oil, natural gas, sand, limestone, and iron ore. The rivers there, which are spanned by a notable "Y" bridge, are connected to the Ohio by 10 hand-operated locks and a 1-mi-long (1.6-km) canal.

The site was selected by Ebenezer ZaneZane, Ebenezer,
1747–1811, American pioneer and land speculator, b. near what is now Moorefield, W.Va. (then Virginia). With his brothers Silas and Jonathan, he went west in 1769 and established the settlement at Wheeling, of which he became the leader.
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, surveyor of Zane's Trace, the gateway to the Northwest TerritoryNorthwest Territory,
first possession of the United States, comprising the region known as the Old Northwest, S and W of the Great Lakes, NW of the Ohio River, and E of the Mississippi River, including the present states of Ohio, Ind., Ill., Mich., Wis., and part of Minn.
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. A two-year interval as state capital (1810–12) and the city's location on waterways and the National RoadNational Road,
U.S. highway built in the early 19th cent. At the time of its construction, the National Road was the most ambitious road-building project ever undertaken in the United States. It finally extended from Cumberland, Md., to St.
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 spurred its growth. An art institute and a campus of Ohio Univ. are in the city. Of interest are the National Road–Zane Grey museum, several early homes of Federal design, and the nearby Ohio Ceramic Center. A state park is at Dillon Reservoir to the northwest.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Rozane's name combined the first two letters of Roseville and first four letters of Zanesville, thus Rozane.
The 12th congressional district, which touches both the city and suburbs of Columbus, rural areas east of Zanesville and the foothills of Appalachia, has been held by Republicans for more than 40 years. 
But Americans United and its allies remain hopeful that the president will fulfill the pledge he made in Zanesville seven years ago.
Lee, high school English teacher and media specialist at Zanesville High School in Zanesville, Ohio, that tells how she guided her students through the process of writing and publishing a book.
In addition to the new office in Zanesville, the firm has also recently established a presence in Asheboro, North Carolina; Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Gulfport, Mississippi, Hartford, Connecticut; and Scottsdale, Arizona.
The Zanesville Times Recorder reported that there are typically over 100 volunteers feeding approximately 1,000 attendees each year.
Alachua, Fla.; Zanesville, Ohio: Marion, Ind.; Bessemer, Ala.; and Lebec, Calif.
The couple's eight children say the two had been inseparable since meeting as teenagers, once sharing the bottom of a bunk bed on a ferry rather than sleeping one night apart, the Zanesville Times Recorder reported.
It was, one official said, 'like Noah's ark wrecking right here in Zanesville, Ohio."
About 4,500 fans gathered in Grand Rapids to watch one of the first illuminated professional baseball games, played between teams from Grand Rapids and Zanesville, Ohio.
He also said his bill was in part a response to a 2011 incident in Zanesville, Ohio, where more than 50 exotic animals escaped a private reserve after their owner opened their cages.
Officers killed 50 exotic animals released by their owner in Zanesville, Ohio, in October 2011.