Zardari, Asif Ali

Zardari, Asif Ali

(ä`sĭf ä`lē zärdä`rē), 1955–, Pakistani politician, president of Pakistan (2008–13), b. Nawabshah. From a wealthy, prominent family, he studied at St. Patrick's College in Pakistan and the London School of Business Studies in England. He married Benazir BhuttoBhutto, Benazir
, 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in 1987, and the following year she became prime minister. A member of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) led by his wife, Zardari served in the national assembly (1990–96), as a federal minister (of environment and investment; 1993, 1995–96) during Bhutto's prime ministership, and in the Pakistani senate (1997–99).

After Bhutto was dismissed from office in 1990, Zardari was held (1990–93) on several corruption charges but was eventually acquitted. In 1996, when Bhutto's government was again dismissed, Zardari was accused of having taken kickbacks (he had acquired the nickname "Mr. Ten Percent") and of having ordered the murder of Bhutto's brother, a political opponent. He was again imprisoned, briefly in 1996 and from 1997 to 2004. Bhutto and Zardari also were convicted (1999) of corruption and embezzlement, but a new trial was ordered in 2001 by Pakistan's supreme court. A Swiss court convicted the couple of money laundering in 2003, but in 2008 Zardari was acquitted on appeal. Both Bhutto and Zardari denied the various charges, denouncing them as politically motivated.

When Bhutto was assassinated in Dec., 2007, Zardari and their 19-year-old son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, were named co-leaders of the PPP, but real power resided with the father. In early 2008, President Pervez MusharrafMusharraf, Pervez
, 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a
..... Click the link for more information.
 declared an amnesty for crimes committed by politicians, and Zardari was acquitted of charges of corruption and other political crimes allegedly committed from 1988 to 1999. Later that year he also was acquitted of his brother-in-law's murder. Following Musharraf's resignation as president, Zardari was elected to succeed him in Sept., 2008; the presidency became a largely ceremonial post in 2010. Musharraf's amnesty was declared unconstitutional in 2009, but in 2017 Zardari was acquitted of the remaining pending corruption charges against him. In 2018 Zadari was again elected to the national assembly. He was arrested in a money-laundering investigation in 2019, but released on bail at the end of the year; he was formally charged in 2020.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
Addressing the authorities, including PPP chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari, Governor Sindh, DG Rangers and IG Sindh, Rathore said that rogues dressed in uniform should be stopped from creating hindrance in the proceedings of Taraweeh.
'Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari and Chief Minister Syed Murad Ali Shah were equally concerned over the water crisis and directed me to frequently visit the area and ensure the judicious water distribution by removing the illegal pipes, watercourses and outlets without any discrimination.
He added: 'Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari and Chief Minister Syed Murad Ali Shah were equally concerned of water crisis and directed me to frequently visit the area and ensure judicious water distribution of water by removing illegal pipes, watercourses and outlets without any discrimination.' He said that they would seek help from Rangers and police against water thieves, adding that he warned both irrigation and SIDA officials to mend their ways in providing water without any discrimination.
Leaders appealed and demanded the Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari, Chairman and Co-chairman of Pakistan Peoples' Party, and Chief Minister Sindh Syed Murad Ali Shah for up-gradation of the posts of IT cadre before 1st May and asked for higher authorities to play their pivotal role for up-gradation of COs and DPAs so that disheartened Computer Operators, DPA and other ITA employees could breathe a sigh of relief.
The Advisor to CM also flayed utterance of KP Information Minister attributing to PPP leaders and said Yousafzai and other leaders and Ministers of PTI made it their daily habit to talk against Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari and other leaders of PPP.
Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari and others also laid floral wreath at the grave of founder Chairman of PPP and Former Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, former Chairperson of PPP and First Lady Begum Nusrat Bhutto,late Shireen Amir Begum, the first wife of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and laid floral wreaths at their grave.
Sources informed that Interior Minister Rehman Malik briefed Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani in a closed room about the BB killing investigation's latest update.
Initially when the names of some 72 persons including the names of Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari, Ms Faryal Talpur, Murad Ali Shah and others were placed on ECL the PPP had come up with strong reaction and iits Secretary General Farhat Ullah Babar wrote a letter to Interior Minister seeking placement of nine ruling party leaders including Prime Minister Imran Khan on ECL as they were facing similar inquiries and investigations on the basis of which the PPP leaders names were placed on ECL.
Summit Bank President Nasser Abdulla Lootah, Ansari Sugar Mills Pvt Ltd (Anwar Majeed, Ali Kamal Majeed), Omni Polymer Packages Pvt Ltd, Pak Ethnol Pvt Ltd, Chamber Sugar Mills Pvt Ltd, M/s Agro Farms Thatta Pvt Ltd; Zardari Group Pvt Ltd (Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari, Faryal Talpur), Parthenon Pvt Ltd (Iqbal Khan Noori), A-One International (account identified in Suspicious Transaction Report), Lucky International, Logistic Trading, Royal International and Umair Associates remained the prime focus of this investigation.
He said that top leadership including Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari, Syed Murad Ali Shah and others were very much concerned and aware of the situations emerging in the desert region due to less or erratic rainfall in the previous months of the current monsoon season.