Zaisan

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Zaisan

 

a city, the center of Zaisan Raion, Vostochnyi Kazakhstan Oblast, Kazakh SSR. It is located on a highway in the foothills of the Saur mountain range, 378 km southeast of the Zhangiztobe railroad station (on the Semipalatinsk-Alma-Ata line). Population, 12,000 (1970). Zaisan is the center of a major stock-breeding region, primarily of sheep for meat and wool. Zaisan was founded in 1868 and has been a city since 1941.


Zaisan

 

a lake in the intermontane depression between spurs of the Southern Altai, Tarbagatai, and Saur mountain ranges in the east of the Kazakh SSR. It is a fresh-water lake; the Chernyi Irtysh flows into it and the Irtysh flows from it. Prior to the construction of the Bukhtarma Hydroelectric Power Plant on the Irtysh, the area of the lake was 1,800 sq km, the length was 11 1 km, the width was about 30 km, and the depth averaged 4–6 m (the deepest point was approximately 10 m). Since the construction of the dam, Zaisan Lake has been its pressure head, which also extends along the Chernyi Irtysh for 100 km; the level of Zaisan has been raised by 7 m. The surface area of the lake constitutes the greater part of the surface area of the Bukhtarma Reservoir, which is 5,500 sq km. There is a fish hatchery on the lake.

[9_869–2]

References in periodicals archive ?
Irtysch frequens [frequently in meadows near Irtysh River, s29], nec non in deserti Soongoro-Kirghisici [and certainly on the Kirghiz steppe, s32], arenosis ad lacum Noor-Saissan [growing on sand near Lake Zaysan, s29].
sativa at three places in eastern Kazakhstan in 1840-1841: on Lake Alakol near the Dzungarian Gate (s32); the Kyskatsch mountains, between Lake Balkhash and Lake Zaysan (between s29 and s32); and near Khantau, between Lake Balkhash and Bishkek (s33).
This large fish (reaching a length of 10 ft [3 m] and a weight of 220 lb [100 kg]) occurs as a semianadromous (migrating to estuaries) form in the Ob and Yenisey; as a river form in the Lena, the Yana, and the Kolyma; and as a lacustrine-fluvial (lake and river) form in Lake Baikal and Lake Zaysan.