Zaria(redirected from Zazzau)
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Zaria(zä`rēə), city (1991 est. pop. 335,000), N Nigeria. It is the ginning center for Nigeria's main cotton-growing region. Cottonseed, peanuts, and shea-nut oil are produced. The city is on a major north-south railroad and highway and has an airport. First known as Zazzau, it was founded about A.D. 1000 and was one of the seven HausaHausa
, black African ethnic group, numbering about 23 million, chiefly in N Nigeria and S Niger. The Hausa are almost exclusively Muslim and practice agriculture.
..... Click the link for more information. city-states. The city was captured by the FulaniFulani
, people of W Africa, numbering approximately 14 million. They are of mixed sub-Saharan African and Berber origin. First recorded as living in the Senegambia region, they are now scattered throughout the area of the Sudan from Senegal to Cameroon.
..... Click the link for more information. in 1805 and included in the SokotoSokoto
, city (1987 est. pop. 164,000), NW Nigeria, on the Sokoto River. It is the commercial center for a wide region and a collection place for hides, skins, and peanuts. Rice and tobacco are grown for local consumption.
..... Click the link for more information. caliphate. In 1901 British forces led by Frederick LugardLugard, Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron
, 1858–1945, British colonial administrator. After an early military career, he entered (1889) the service of the British East Africa Company and was sent (1890) to
..... Click the link for more information. took the city. Zaria is the seat of Ahmadu Bello Univ. (1962) and an agricultural school. The old part of the city is surrounded by walls.
a city in northern Nigeria, in the North-Central State. It is a railroad and highway junction. Population, 197,500 (1970). The city is an important trade center for a cotton-growing region. It has cotton-cleaning, textile, and tobacco enterprises and vegetable oil and flour mills, as well as railroad shops and bicycle assembly plants. Trades in Zaria include weaving and tanning of hides. A university is located in the city. In the past Zaria was one of the cities of the Hausa states.
(Dawn), a Marxist scholarly and political journal published in Stuttgart in 1901 and 1902 by the editorial board of the newspaper Iskra.
Four numbers, or three volumes, of Zaria were published: Number 1 in April 1901 (March 23, New Style), Numbers 2 and 3 in December 1901, and Number 4 in August 1902. The tasks of Zaria were defined in the “Draft of a Declaration of the Editorial Board of Iskra and Zaria,” written by V. I. Lenin (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 4, pp. 322-33). Zaria propagandized the ideas of revolutionary Marxism and published criticisms of Narodnichestvo (Populism), legal Marxism, Bernsteinism, and other currents of international opportunism. Among the works published in Zaria were Lenin’s “The Persecutors of the Zemstvo and the Hannibals of Liberalism,” “The Agrarian Program of Russian Social-Democracy,” “The ‘Critics’ on the Agrarian Question,”
“Review of Home Affairs,” and “Casual Notes” and G. V. Plekhanov’s “Critique of Our Critics: Mr. P. Struve in the Role of a Critic of the Marxist Theory of Social Development” and “Cant Against Kant, or Mr. Bernstein’s Intellectual Legacy.”
REFERENCELenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed. (See Reference Volume, part l,p . 162.)
(Dawn). (1) A sail and motor schooner of the Russian arctic expedition (1900-02) under the command of E. V. Toll’. Displacement, 443 tons. The expedition worked in the area of the Novosibirskie Islands. On Sept. 8, 1902, after two winter stops near Taimyr Island and on Kotel’nyi Island, the Zaria arrived in Tiksi Bay, where it ran aground and was abandoned by the members of the expedition.
(2) A motor and sail schooner built in Finland in 1953 for the systematic study of the earth’s magnetic field. It has a wooden hull, and the metallic parts are made of nonmagnetic materials. The Zaria is 52 m long, 9 m wide, and has a dis-placement of 605 tons. From 1953 on, Soviet scientists have been conducting investigations in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans on the Zaria. By 1970 the schooner had made 16 expedition runs totaling 270,000 miles.