teosinte

(redirected from Zea nicaraguensis)
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Related to Zea nicaraguensis: genus Zea, Zea diploperennis

teosinte:

see corncorn,
in botany. The name corn is given to the leading cereal crop of any major region. In England corn means wheat; in Scotland and Ireland, oats. The grain called corn in the United States is Indian corn or maize (Zea mays mays).
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, in botany.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Teosinte

 

any one plant species of the genus Euchlaena of the family Gramineae. The most common species is E. mexicana, an annual reaching 3 m tall and resembling maize. The staminate spikelets are gathered into terminal panicles; the pistillate spike-lets are in small distichous ears located in the leaf axils. The fruit is a caryopsis. E. mexicana is found in Mexico, where it grows as a weed in corn plantings. Teosintes are cultivated in southern North America and various other regions for hay, as green feed, and sometimes as cereal plants.

REFERENCE

Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Zea luxurians de Oaxaca (1A), Zea nicaraguensis y Zea luxurians de Guatemala (1B) son las especies mas diferenciadas de esta seccion.
parviglumis (raza Balsas), Zea luxurians y Zea nicaraguensis (valores positivos).
Zea luxurians de Oaxaca y Zea nicaraguensis son los teocintles mas tardios y se colectaron en las regiones cercanas al mar con altas temperaturas y alta humedad.
De la misma manera Zea nicaraguensis parece mas una subunidad de Zea luxurians que una especie diferente como lo senalaron Iltis y Benz (2000).
Por ejemplo Zea luxurians y Zea nicaraguensis, que se distribuyen en areas con una precipitacion pluvial del orden de 2000 mm anuales poseen genes de resistencia a inundaciones, los cuales les dan la capacidad de formar aerenquima en las raices (Mano y Omori, 2007; Mano et al., 2009).
Sin embargo, es posible indicar que Zea nicaraguensis debe considerarse una subespecie de Zea luxurians, mientras que Zea luxurians de Oaxaca y Zea diploperennis de Huajicori, Nayarit son taxa diferentes.
Zea nicaraguensis (Poaceae), a new teosinte from Pacific coastal Nicaragua.