Zeeland


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Zeeland

(zē`lənd, Dutch zā`länt), province (1994 pop. 363,900), c.650 sq mi (1,680 sq km), SW Netherlands, bordering on Belgium in the south and the North Sea in the west. The main cities are MiddelburgMiddelburg
, city (1994 pop. 40,118), capital of Zeeland prov., SW Netherlands, on the former island of Walcheren. It is a manufacturing and tourist center. Chartered in 1217, Middelburg developed into an important medieval trade center.
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 (the capital) and VlissingenVlissingen
or Flushing
, city (1994 pop. 44,211), Zeeland prov., SW Netherlands, on the southern coast of the former island of Walcheren. Its manufactures include shipbuilding, chemicals, and gears.
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. The province consists of a strip of FlandersFlanders
, former county in the Low Countries, extending along the North Sea and W of the Scheldt (Escaut) River. It is divided among East Flanders and West Flanders provs., Belgium; Nord and Pas-de-Calais depts., France; and (to a small extent) Zeeland prov., the Netherlands.
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 that is adjacent to Belgium and various former islands located in the Scheldt estuary; the chief regions (now a series of interconnected peninsulas) are WalcherenWalcheren
, region, Zeeland prov., SW Netherlands, on the North Sea at the entrance to the Scheldt estuary. Middelburg is the chief city and is also the capital of Zeeland prov. Vlissingen is also important.
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, North and South BevelandBeveland, North, and South Beveland
, peninsula developed from the above former islands, Zeeland prov., SW Netherlands, in the Scheldt estuary.
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, Schouwen-Duiveland, and Tholen. Much of the land is below sea level and protected by dikes. Agriculture, dairying, and fishing are the chief occupations; there is some industry, notably shipbuilding. Zeeland, a part of Holland from the 10th cent., later became a separate county, but it continued to be ruled by the counts of HollandHolland,
former county of the Holy Roman Empire and, from 1579 to 1795, chief member of the United Provinces of the Netherlands. Its name is popularly applied to the entire Netherlands. Holland has been divided since 1840 into two provinces, North Holland and South Holland.
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, and its history was largely identical with that of Holland. In 1579, Zeeland joined the Union of Utrecht as one of the United Provinces of the Netherlands. The province was badly damaged by flooding in 1953.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zeeland

 

a province in the southwestern part of the Netherlands, mainly on the islands of the Scheldt River delta and mostly below sea level. Area, 1,700 sq km; population, 306,000 (1970). Its administrative center is the city of Middelburg. The proportion of the economically active population employed in industry is 36 percent; in agriculture, 20 percent. The region’s important industries include shipbuilding, machine building, chemicals, and petroleum refining. Grains, sugar beets, peas, flax, hops, livestock fodder, and fruits are raised. There is also a considerable oyster industry.

During the Middle Ages, the northern part of Zeeland belonged to Holland, and the central part was held jointly by Holland and Flanders, under Flemish suzerainty (according to the Treaty of Paris of 1323, Flanders renounced its claims to the area). The continental part of the province belonged to Flanders. In 1428–33, the region became a possession of the dukes of Burgundy; in 1477 (1482) it passed to the Hapsburgs, and in 1579, to the Union of Utrecht. From 1795 to 1806 it was part of the Batavian Republic; from 1806 to 1810 it belonged to the kingdom of Louis Bonaparte, and from 1810 to 1814 it was part of the French Empire. In 1814 it became a province of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Zeeland

a province of the SW Netherlands: consists of a small area on the mainland together with a number of islands in the Scheldt estuary; mostly below sea level. Capital: Middelburg. Pop.: 378 000 (2003 est.). Area: 1787 sq. km (690 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1872, a new source of clay--about 15 feet deep with a stratum of lime pebbles near the top--was found at the bottom of a hill on the west side of Zeeland. That clay produced a brilliant white brick that, when combined with brick of other colors in almost quilt-like patterns, created a signature style for Veneklasen.
It ends in 1795, because momentous political changes took place in that year: the federal Dutch Republic was replaced by the unitary Batavian Republic, and the Batavian Republic had to cede Zeeland Flanders to France.
He added, "The Government would also like to learn from New Zeeland's experience in developing an effective regulatory mechanism in energy sector, because New Zealand is ahead in privatization of GENCOs and DISCOs in the country.
Zeeland, Michigan, March 23 -- Gentex Corporation (NASDAQ: GNTX), the Zeeland, Michigan-based manufacturer of automatic-dimming rearview mirrors and camera-based active-safety systems for the automotive industry, commercial fire protection products and dimmable aircraft windows, has announced that the Company's auto-dimming rearview mirrors with Rear Camera Display (RCD) is now available on the all-new Lexus CT 200h hybrid.
Summary: Gentex Corporation (NASDAQ: GNTX), the Zeeland, Michigan-based manufacturer of automatic-dimming rearview mirrors and camera-based active-safety systems for the automotive industry, commercial fire protection products and dimmable aircraft windows, has announced that it is shipping interior auto-dimming rearview mirrors for the new CitroEaA1/2n C4, a small family car, and the stylish DS4 high-riding coupe, produced by French automaker PSA Peugeot CitroEaA1/2n.
Regional unemployment rates varied widely across the EU27 in 2009, from 2.1% in the region of Zeeland in the Netherlands, to 27.1% in Reunion, a French Overseas Department.
January 6 2010 - Michigan-based Zeeland Farm Services Inc an agricultural and transportation company, has acquired its first ethanol facility and plans to begin production in early 2010, it has been announced.
Zeeland, MI -- based furniture manufacturer Herman Miller Inc.
The bank is planning to offer its operations in Romania, New Zeeland, Pakistan, Portugal and Vietnam for sale.
A new polypropylene honeycomb core from Plascore Inc., Zeeland, Mich., is reportedly the first one suitable for closed molding processes like vacuum infusion, light RTM, and vacuum-bag molding.
The New Zeeland Flight Nurses' Section is to become an associate member of the Air Industry Association's (AIA) Air Ambulance Division.
Herman Miller for Healthcare, 855 East Main Ave., Zeeland, MI 49464.