Zefat

Zefat

(zĕf`ät), town (1994 pop. 21,600), NE Israel. One of Israel's four holy cities, it has a thriving artists' colony and many museums and ancient synagogues. Ceramics, diamonds, and handicrafts are produced in the town, which has a large Orthodox Jewish population. Founded c.A.D. 70, Zefat is referred to as Tzefiya in the TalmudTalmud
[Aramaic from Heb.,=learning], in Judaism, vast compilation of the Oral Law with rabbinical elucidations, elaborations, and commentaries, in contradistinction to the Scriptures or Written Laws. The Talmud is the accepted authority for Orthodox Jews everywhere.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Flavius Josephus, a Jewish historian and soldier, built fortifications that later formed the foundations of a 12th-century Crusader castle built by the Knights Templars; its ruins still stand. After the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492, many learned Jews moved to Zefat and made the town an important center of rabbinical and kabbalistic (see kabbalahkabbalah
or cabala
[Heb.,=reception], esoteric system of interpretation of the Scriptures based upon a tradition claimed to have been handed down orally from Abraham.
..... Click the link for more information.
) studies, which it remained through the 17th cent. Joseph Caro, the last great codifier of rabbinic law, lived in Zefat from 1536 to 1575 and wrote the Shulhan Aruk there. In 1563 the first Hebrew printing press in the Holy Land was established in Zefat; its books were much in demand worldwide. Largely destroyed by an earthquake in 1769, Zefat was repopulated by Russian Hasidim in 1776. The Arabs forced most Jews to leave Zefat in 1929, but Jews returned after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. The name also appears as Safad and Safed.
References in periodicals archive ?
She is the founder of various major Israeli academic projects, including the department of Mysticism and Spirituality at Zefat Academic College, the program of Spirituality at the Schechter Institute ofJewish Studies, and the Annual Israeli International Conference for the Study of Current Spiritualities.
Marnin-Distelfeld is currently on leave from Zefat Academic College where she teaches art history classes at the department of literature, art and music.
(105) Mohammed Wattad, an Arab-Israeli professor at the Zefat College School of Law, commented with regards to the ASA's resolution to boycott Israel, "[t]he call for an academic boycott resembles an act of terrorism.
Science; and Assistant Professor at the School of Law in Zefat Academic
The Ziv Medical Centre, in Zefat, has treated 562 Syrians - civilians and soldiers.
In Zefat, Israel, temperatures remained below 0[degrees]C.
Nirit Waisbrod, PhD, is lecturer, Department of Social Work, Zefat College, Zefat, Israel.
Netanya Academic College, Zefat Academic College, Israel
Munin (law, Zefat Academic College, Israel) conducts a legal analysis of the General Agreement on Trade in Services, incorporating discussion of the extensive literature that has arisen about GATS and highlighting unsettled interpretive issues of GATS provisions and future directions, both of which remain unclear because of the small number (five) of dispute settlement cases that have been produced.