Meles Zenawi

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Meles Zenawi

(mĕ`lĕs zĕnä`wē), 1955–2012, Ethiopian political leader, prime minister of Ethiopia (1995–2012), b. Adwa. After two years of medical studies at the Univ. of Addis Ababa, he helped found (1975) the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), becoming its secretary-general in 1985. In 1989 he became chairman of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a coalition of opposition groups in which the TPLF was the leading constituent. Following the defeat of the military regime in 1991, Meles was elected transitional president; prime minister after 1995, he began his fourth term in 2010 and served until his death. Faced with a moribund economy, he spearheaded its rapid development, encouraging both domestic growth and foreign investment while solidifying ties with the West. Meles was widely criticized, however, for his extreme repression of dissent, particularly after the 2005 and 2010 elections, which were marked by opposition accusations of fraud.
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References in periodicals archive ?
On a trip to Ethiopia in the 1990s, I met Prime Minister Meles Zenawi to try to persuade him to stop jailing journalists.
4 (SUNA)- The Ethiopian Prime Minister, Haile-Mariam Desalegn, has lauded the effective role played by the President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, for completing the mutual understanding and integration between the two countries and the efforts that Al-Bashir and the former Ethiopian Prime Minister, Meles Zenawi, have exerted in this regard.
By Tesfa-Alem Tekle August 20, 2013 (ADDIS ABABA) -- South Sudan and Sudan on Tuesday praised the role played by the late Prime Minister of Ethiopa Meles Zenawi in bringing peace between two countries.
In life and in death Veles Zenawi left no room for ambiguity.
ADDyS ABABA (CyHAN)- Thousands of people, including foreign dignitaries, attended the official state-funeral procession of Ethiopia's longest-ruling Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, who died last month.
Summary: Thousands of mourners have gathered near a public square in Ethiopia's capital to pay their final respects to Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.
African leaders have gathered in Addis Ababa for the state funeral of Ethiopia's former prime minister and long-time leader Meles Zenawi, who (http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/375636/20120821/meles-zenawi-ethiopia-african-union-ethiopian-people.htm) died in Brussels on 20 August.
Analysts are claiming that the death of Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, long accused of censoring ordinary citizens' access to the internet, blocking news websites and jamming Ethiopian Satellite Television, will leave the future course of technology in the country uncertain.
Haliemariam Desalegn, qui assure l'interim comme Premier ministre ethiopien a la suite de la mort de Meles Zenawi, restera en poste jusqu'a des elections prevues en 2015, a annonce hier mercredi un porte-parole du gouvernement.
22 (Saba) - President Abdo Rabbo Mansour Hadi sent on Wednesday a condolence letter to Ethiopian President Girma Wolde-Giorgis over the death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.
Addis Ababa, Shawwal 4, 1433, Aug 22, 2012, SPA -- Thousands of tearful Ethiopians lined the streets of Addis Ababa on Wednesday as a car carrying the body of former Prime Minister Meles Zenawi slowly drove from the airport to the national palace, according to dpa.