Zenobia


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Zenobia

(zĭnō`bēə), d. after 272, queen of PalmyraPalmyra
, ancient city of central Syria. A small modern village known as Tudmor or Tadmor (the Syrian Arabic name of Palmyra) is nearby; residents were relocated from the ancient site in the early 1930s.
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. She was of Arab stock and was the wife of Septimius OdenathusOdenathus, Septimius
, d. 267, king of Palmyra. His family (the Septimii) had dominated Palmyra for many years, and Odenathus by his policy of cooperation with Rome raised his state to its zenith.
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. He was murdered, probably through her contrivance, and she obtained rule of his lands in the name of her son. She expanded the territories further to rule E Asia Minor, Syria, N Mesopotamia, and even Egypt. Her ambition outran her prudence, and after she had dared to call her son emperor, the Romans under AurelianAurelian
(Lucius Domitius Aurelianus) , c.212–275, Roman emperor (270–75). Rising in the ranks, he became consul under Valerian. He succeeded Claudius II, whose victory over the Goths had begun the territorial rehabilitation of the empire.
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 marched against her, took (272) Palmyra, and captured her. She was brought to Rome and exhibited at Aurelian's triumph. Later she was pensioned and lived in retirement at Tibur. By her beauty and intelligence, Zenobia attracted much admiration and sympathy, but her name has also been a symbol of ruthless arrogance.
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Zenobia

strong-minded woman; disappointed in love, drowns self. [Am. Lit.: Blithedale Romance]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Zenobia

3rd century ad, queen of Palmyra (?267--272), who was captured by the Roman emperor Aurelian
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
His new record was supported by the Larnaca Tourism Development and Promotion Company to the Zenobia wreck, which sunk in June 1980 and is considered to be among the best diving spots in the world.
The 174-meter (571ft) ferry Zenobia which was carrying 108 trucks capsized and sank off Larnaca in 1980.
The Cyprus-based British veteran of World War II dived to a depth of 42.5m for 48 minutes, breaking once again his own Guinness world record set last September as the oldest scuba diver, after diving to the Zenobia for 44 minutes at a depth of 40.6m.
The 400-page book talks in details about the life of Queen Zenobia, indicating that in the 3 rd century AD she ruled the vast kingdom of Palmyra and she led a strong army that stood in the face of the Roman Empire.
Zenobia is a fully realized girl, and her handling of various situations rings with truth.
At the end of the romance, twelve years after her death, Coverdale avers, " But, all this while, we have been standing by Zenobia's grave" (3: 343).
When Zenobia led her armies she did so in the name of her son and took on the Roman emperor Aurelian to protect her city, her region and the interests of her realm.
Elizabeth and her father, with Elizabeth's friend Zenobia, are returning to Witheringe House, his childhood home, after her mother ran off with an opera singer.
Woolley and dozens of other divers scoured the watery depths around the shipwreck of the Zenobia, a cargo vessel laden with trucks that sank about 2 km off the southern Cypriot town of Larnaca in 1980 on its maiden voyage.
KARACHI -- 6th National Women Chess Championship-2018, concluded here at Karachi Gymkhana in its Final Phase, after the end of the concluding round Zenobia emerged as the leader at the points Table of the Championship and won the Crown of the Championship for the 4thTime out of six editions of the National Women Chess.
Aidan O'Brien's 5-6 jolly went off at a strong pace but failed to fend off a late challenge from outsider Zenobia and went down by half-a-length in the seven-furlong contest.
Palmyra After Zenobia 273-750: An Archaeological and Historical Reappraisal