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Zenobia(zĭnō`bēə), d. after 272, queen of PalmyraPalmyra
, ancient city of central Syria. A small modern village known as Tudmor or Tadmor (the Syrian Arabic name of Palmyra) is nearby; residents were relocated from the ancient site in the early 1930s.
..... Click the link for more information. . She was of Arab stock and was the wife of Septimius OdenathusOdenathus, Septimius
, d. 267, king of Palmyra. His family (the Septimii) had dominated Palmyra for many years, and Odenathus by his policy of cooperation with Rome raised his state to its zenith.
..... Click the link for more information. . He was murdered, probably through her contrivance, and she obtained rule of his lands in the name of her son. She expanded the territories further to rule E Asia Minor, Syria, N Mesopotamia, and even Egypt. Her ambition outran her prudence, and after she had dared to call her son emperor, the Romans under AurelianAurelian
(Lucius Domitius Aurelianus) , c.212–275, Roman emperor (270–75). Rising in the ranks, he became consul under Valerian. He succeeded Claudius II, whose victory over the Goths had begun the territorial rehabilitation of the empire.
..... Click the link for more information. marched against her, took (272) Palmyra, and captured her. She was brought to Rome and exhibited at Aurelian's triumph. Later she was pensioned and lived in retirement at Tibur. By her beauty and intelligence, Zenobia attracted much admiration and sympathy, but her name has also been a symbol of ruthless arrogance.
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strong-minded woman; disappointed in love, drowns self. [Am. Lit.: Blithedale Romance]
See: Love, Unrequited
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
3rd century ad, queen of Palmyra (?267--272), who was captured by the Roman emperor Aurelian
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005