Chang Tsai

(redirected from Zhang Zai)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Chang Tsai


Born 1020; died 1077. Chinese philosopher; one of the founders of neo-Confucianism.

Chang Tsai held that the universe is one but differs in its manifestations; its unifying “material force” is the ch’i, which as a result of objective necessity sometimes comes together, forming a multitude of things, and sometimes is dispersed, reverting to the hsü, or Great Vacuity. Another one of Chang Tsai’s basic tenets was that every human relationship is associated with a particular requirement. Such relationships, however, are always contained within love; consequently, the man who loves becomes identified with Heaven and Earth, which give birth to everything and everyone. Chang Tsai also advocated a return to the ching t’ien system, which equalized the availability of land for peasant use.


Konrad, N. I. “Filosofiia kitaiskogo Vozrozhdeniia (O Sunskoi shkole).” In this book Zapad i Vosíok [2nd ed.]. Moscow, 1972.
Forke, A. Geschichte der mueren chinesischen Philosophie. Hamburg, 1938. Pages 56–69.
Chan Wing-Tsit. A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy. Princeton, 1963. Pages 495–517.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Reflections on Things at Hand (jinsilu), Lu Zuqian (1137-1181) and Zhu Xi copied verbatim the following suggestions made by Zhang Zai (1020-1078), an earlier Neo-Confucian scholar in the Northern Song era, who remarks:
As recent studies show, this conviction was upheld by almost all the major Song thinkers, including Zhang Zai, the Cheng brothers, Wang Anshi (1021-1086), Zhu Xi, Lu Jiuyuan, and Lu Zuqian, despite the discrepancy in their particular political visions.
11) See Zhang Zai, Zhang Zai ji ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]).
The Supreme Harmony: Analysis of the Concept of Harmony in the Cosmological, Ethical and Social Thought of Zhang Zai (1020-1078)
El concepto de he, traducible como armonia, no solo hace hincapie en una idea basica del sistema de Zhang Zai, (2) es decir, como se muestra en el epigrafe, el origen que todo contiene y desde el cual todo empieza; ademas, la armonia, y su realizacion, es tambien un tema central que se extiende en diferentes niveles a todo el pensamiento chino, desde la antiguedad hasta la modernidad?
Antes de profundizar en como Zhang Zai desarrolla este concepto que llega a ser la idea basica de sus especulaciones cosmologicas, eticas y sociales, es esencial un rapido analisis filologico del termino.
Zhang Zai es probablemente el filosofo que mas insiste en el concepto de armonia al colocarlo en el centro de sus especulaciones cosmologicas, ontologicas, eticas y sociales.
It analyzes representative pieces by three influential rhapsodists during the Western Jin: Fu Xuan, Zhang Zai, and Zuo Si, who bridged the verisimilar style from the Han rhapsody to Southern Dynasties poetry.
Between 275 and 278 Zhang Zai [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (ca.
17) According to an anecdote in the biography of Zhang Zai in the jin shu [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] Fu was so impressed by Zhang's work that he introduced the poet into officialdom (Fang et al.
We now analyze the "Rhapsody on Mengsi Pond," and discover why Fu favors the pond, as well as what he and Zhang Zai share in skill and style within the genre of rhapsody.
This book examines the work of eight key thinkers: Zhou Dun-yi (1017-1073), Shao Yong (1011-1077), Zhang Zai (1020-1077), Cheng Hao (1032-1085), Cheng Yi (1033-1107), Zhu Xi (1130-1200), Lu Xiang-shan (1139-1193), and Wang Yang-ming (1472-1529).