Zhejiang

(redirected from Zhejiang, China)
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Zhejiang

(jŭ`jyäng`) or

Chekiang

(chĕ`kyăng`), province (2010 pop. 54,426,891), c.40,000 sq mi (103,600 sq km), SE China, on the East China Sea. The capital is HangzhouHangzhou
or Hangchow
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,184,300), capital of Zhejiang prov., E China. It is on the Fuchun River at the head of Hangzhou Bay and handles river traffic through its port. It is also a rail hub with important links to Shanghai.
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. The province includes many islands, notably the Zhoushan ArchipelagoZhoushan Archipelago
, NE Zhejiang prov., China, in the East China Sea, at the entrance to Hangzhou Bay. It includes the main island of Zhoushan and about 100 lesser islands; Dinghai on Zhoushan is the major population center.
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. Known for its beauty, Zhejiang is one of China's most affluent and most densely populated provinces. It is part of the Shanghai special economic zone, and two of its cities, Ningbo and Wenzhou, have been designated "open" cities in order to attract foreign investment. Except for the level area in the north, which is part of the Chang delta region, Zhejiang is mountainous, with only a few breaks to the heavily indented coast, chiefly at Ningbo and Wenzhou. The province is drained by numerous rivers, including the Fuchun (the main river), the Wu, and the Ling. Over one third of the area is forested; pine and bamboo predominate. Most of Zhejiang has a wet climate, with a long frost-free period and high summer temperatures. Rice is the leading food crop and tea the major industrial crop. The plains north of Hangzhou receive less precipitation and have high cotton, wheat, and hemp production; most of the cotton is woven in Shanghai, although there are textile mills in Hangzhou. Rapeseed, corn, and sweet potatoes are also grown. There are tung and mulberry trees; Zhejiang is the the country's second leading silk-producing province. Fishing is extensive, with motorized junks now in use; the Zhoushan island area is one of the richest fishing grounds in China. The province also has a developing aquaculture industry. Machinery and agricultural tools are manufactured at Hangzhou, and tractors, electronics, and petrochemicals are manufactured at Ningbo. Coal and fluorspar are mined in the province. Zhejiang is served by the Shanghai-Hangzhou-Nanchang RR, which has a branch to Ningbo. Zhejiang, part of the kingdom of Wu, passed into the Chinese orbit in the 3d cent. B.C. It flourished in the 12th and 13th cent. as the center of the Southern Sung dynasty. Originally called Yueh for its local tribes, Zhejiang received its present name (which is the ancient name of the Fuchun River) in the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). It passed to Manchu control in 1645. Zhejiang was devastated in the Taiping Rebellion (1850–65), was partly occupied by the Japanese in the Second Sino-Japanese War, and fell to the Communists in 1949. Tianmu Mt. is a tourist and pilgrimage center, with many temples. Zhejiang Univ. is in Hangzhou.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Zhejiang

, Chekiang
a province of E China: mountainous and densely populated; a cultural centre since the 12th century. Capital: Hangzhou. Pop.: 46 800 000 (2003 est.). Area: 102 000 sq. km (39 780 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(2) Department of Mathematics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, Zhejiang, China
A total of 90 CRC patients were consecutively recruited from July 2013 to July 2014 in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. All subjects were genetically unrelated ethnic Han Chinese.
(5) Department of Neurosurgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, China
(1) Psychiatry Department, Zhejiang Provincial Tongde Hospital, Zhejiang, China
The exhibition will open in the QM Gallery in Katara Cultural Village in October, and then in the province of Zhejiang, China in November.
" Last year, Dilantha and I finished second Overall in the Super Trofeo series, and we are determined to go one better this time around." GT Asia Series: Korea International Circuit, South Korea ( May 13- 15), Okayama, Japan ( July 1- 3), Fuji, Japan ( July 15- 17), Shanghai, China ( September 2- 4) and Zhejiang, China ( October 21- 23).
International Conference on Intelligent Human-Machine Systems and Cybernetics (7th: 2015: Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China)
Center for Health Policy Studies, Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Zhou Yin, Clinical Laboratory, The second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, 316 Chaowang Road, Hangzhou, 310014, Zhejiang, China. 3.
Last week a couple and their daughter contracted the H7N9 bird flu eastern Zhejiang, China's worst-hit province, Xinhua reported at the time.
Tipula (Formotipula) vindex was described by Alexander (1940) based on males collected in Tian-mu Shan, Zhejiang, China. To date, the female of this species has been unknown, in part, because the extreme sexual dimorphism of many species of crane flies makes it difficult to associate females with the males.

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