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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Stavropol’ Krai, RSFSR; a balneological health resort, part of the Caucasian Mineral Waters group. A branch railroad line (6 km) connects it to the station at Beshtau (on the Mineral’nye Vody-Kislovodsk line). Population, 18,000(1970).

Zheleznovodsk began as a health resort in the early 1800’s and became a city in 1917. It lies at an altitude of 550–630 m on the slopes of Mount Zheleznaia, which are covered with deciduous forests that become parks within the city. The summer is warm (average July temperature, 21°C) and dry, and the winter moderately mild (average January temperature, -4°C). Annual precipitation is approximately 605 mm.

The treatments at Zheleznovodsk use carbon dioxide bicarbonate-sulfate sodium-calcium springs of the same chemical composition but different temperatures, ranging from cold ones with temperatures of 1 1 .2°C (Kegamovskii) to hyperthermal ones reaching 55°C (Slavianovskii). The chemical composition of the water used for drinking and bottling is

(from the Slavianovskii spring) and

(from the Smirnovskii no. 1 spring).

Patients with ailments of the digestive organs, urinary system, and metabolism are treated in Zheleznovodsk. A number of important sanatorium complexes have been created, including Udarnik Sanatorium (north block, 1927–29; architect, I. A. Fomin), the Twentieth Congress of the CPSU Sanatorium (1956), the Dubovaia Roshcha Sanatorium (1968; architects, K. F. Butuzova and B. A. Zaritskii), and a mud-treatment clinic (1971; architects, A. I. Nikiforov and others). There are still some eclectic prerevolutionary buildings in town— for example, the pseudo- Moresque villa of the Emir of Bukhara, now the second block of the Udarnik Sanatorium (1907; architect, V. N. Semenov), and the Pushkin Gallery (1901; architect, Schiller).


Zasorina, T. A. Kurort Zheleznovodsk. Stavropol’, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, Azerbaijani tourists began to choose the Russian city of Zheleznovodsk more often for rest and treatment.
The film will premiere in 2020, he said during the festival "Hero and Time", which is taking place in Zheleznovodsk, Russia.
Other projects approaching completion are Ozerkovskaya Phase III (offices and apartments) and the Plaza Spa Hotel Zheleznovodsk (ex-Kalinina Hotel).
Located at the Mashuk-Akva Term spa in the southern city of Zheleznovodsk, the 5-foot-tall bronze syringe bulb supported by three cherubs is a tribute to everyone's favorite medical procedure, the enema.
The bronze syringe bulb, which weighs 800 pounds and is held by three angels, was unveiled at the Mask-Akva Term spa in Zheleznovodsk.
Olga in Zheleznovodsk, which the Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church (ROAC) first registered in 1944 at the same address, transferred to the authority of the ROC Diocese of Stavropol despite the ROAC congregation's renovation and reconstruction of the building at the same site.
German membership in NATO seems to be the price of admission, and the Soviet leader finally paid it in Zheleznovodsk during Herr Kohl's Caucasian journey.
Additionally, Azerbaijani tourists began to choose the Russian city of Zheleznovodsk more often for rest and treatment.
AFIMALL City NOI went up by 30% q-o-q to $14m, which isattributable to lower operating costs due to stabilization of mall's operation.Ozerkovskaya Phase III and Plaza Spa Hotel Zheleznovodsk (ex-KalininaHotel) are to become fully operational in 2Q, which is positive for companyfinancials and portfolio valuation.
As for other projects, AFI was focused on completing construction of Ozerkovskaya Phase III and Plaza Spa Hotel Zheleznovodsk (ex-Kalinina Hotel).
The most successful initiatives implemented by Azerbaijani companies in Russia, include the construction of sanatorium "Istochnik" in Yessentuki vity, a canned fruit and vegetables plant in Krasnodar city, a hotel and sanatorium complexes in Zheleznovodsk and Kislovodsk cities, and other projects, he noted.