Zhukov, Nikolai Nikolaevich
Born Nov. 19 (Dec. 2), 1908, in Moscow; died there Sept. 24, 1973. Soviet graphic artist, People’s Artist of the USSR (1963), corresponding member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1949). Member of the CPSU since 1945.
Zhukov studied at the industrial arts technicums in Nizhny Novgorod (1926–28) and Saratov (1928–30). From 1943 he was the art director of the M. B. Grekov Studio of Military Artists. He worked on a front-line newspaper (1941–45) and on the newspaper Pravda (1942–43). He created a series of thematic easel drawings (including the V. I. Lenin series, done in watercolor, pencil, india ink, and autographic lithography, from 1940; About Children, done in pencil and watercolor, 1943–68; The Nuremberg Trial, Italian crayon, 1946; all in the Tret’iakov Gallery and other museums and in the artist’s possession). He also did illustrations (for the book The Story of a Real Man by Polevoi, published in 1952; Memories of Marx and Engels, published in 1956) and posters. He received the State Prize of the USSR (1943, 1951) and was awarded the Order of Lenin, two other orders, and medals.